Holy Tiperyn Realm
Motorways map of Tiperyn
and largest metropolis
|Recognised national languages||Anglic|
|Recognised regional languages||Anglic, Brittanic, Goidelic, Oostlands|
|Government||Apostolic semi-constitutional monarchy|
• High Prince
• Stallings Concordant
|5 December 1345|
• Union of the Empire and the Church
|17 July 1405|
|2,988,875 km2 (1,154,011 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• Mainland Tiperyn
(984,010 sq mi)
• 2019 estimate
• 2010 census
|104.4/km2 (270.4/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Crown (₢) (TIPC)|
|Date format||ad yyyy.mm.dd|
Tiperyn ( /ˈtɪpərɪn/; Tipsprek: , tr. Typeryne), officially known as the Holy Tiperyn Realm (Tipsprek: , tr. Hilikryk-Typeryne), is a federal ecclesiastical semi-constitutional monarchy off the western coast of Artemia on the Goidelia subcontinent. It includes seven duchies and nine principalities covering an area of 2,988,875 km2 (1,154,011 sq mi) and hosting a population of 296.1 million people on its mainland and 42 million in realm territories and dominions. Tiperyn's capital and largest metropolis is Ambrosia and other major cities include Malskrum, Rotum and St-Danijelaparokie. Minority cultural centers include the Anglic-speaking Haukvirth and Alahaven and Goidelic-speaking Darimh.
The original Tiperyn Realm was founded with the unification of seven duchies and nine principalities in 1345. The unification was codified within the Stalling Concordant signed at the end of the House Wars (1301-1345) between the rival princes of the island. The conflict saw the occupation of the majority of opposition duchies by House Highal of Tipslan. The duchy and principality governments were maintained for the sake of stability, although aggressive members of each noble house were executed or exiled. Countess Valentina II of Ambrosia rose as the Grand Duchess of Tipslan and Empress of the Tiperyn Realm after her mother, Queen Valentina I of Tipslan, died in 1334. This monarch would only become the Holy Tiperyn Realm after the formation of the First Apostolic Church under Empress Valentina III and its foundation as the state religion in 1405.
The newly formed empire would grow to prominence as one of the most economically powerful nations in Artemia. As an island nation, Tiperyn was protected from many of the continental land wars that were waged across the channel, but had access to the world's oceans and important trade routes. At its peak in the 18th century, the Holy Tiperyn Realm's held multiple overseas dominions on all of the world's continents. These dominions included treaty ports in Nasir (modern day Nasiria), colonies in modern day southern Kaya, and SiWallqanqa and the settlement of Eureka in northern Hyberia. Tiperyn would lose most of its colonial possessions by the mid-19th century, but retains several small islands and Eureka and Realm Viceroyalties; Chimchag City as a Realm City; and Nasiria and Ellora as Realm Dominions.
In modern days, Tiperyn maintains exclusive control of the Tiperyn Isles with the exception of the archipelagic Airgialla off of its south western coast. Empress Aleta is the current monarch of Tiperyn and serves as the head of the First Apostolic Church. During peacetime, the state is largely confederal in nature. However, during wartime, the powers of the lower princes and princesses are suspended by the monarch.
The name Tiperyn is the Anglicization of the Tipsprek word Typeryne. Tiperyn is derived from two words:
- The Old Anglic word Tiper, itself derived from the Old Tipsprek Typslaner meaning "person from Tipslan."
- The Old Tipsprek word feryne meaning "united."
Thus, Tiperyn means "united Tipslanders" in the ethnic sense.
Typslan - meaning "furthest land" in Tipsprek - was the word used by Frisii tribes to describe the Goidelia subcontinent, which the Anglii word Tipland is derived from. During the late 11th and early 12th century, Anglii, Frisii, and Saxon tribes invaded the Goidelic subcontinent, pushing the indigenous Goidelic kingdoms out of southern and eastern Goidelia. When the Goidelia subcontinent was conquered by Tipslan, the resulting union was coined Typeryne and Anglicized as Tiperyn.
The name Goidelia is the alternative name for the island that Tiperyn occupies, as well as the subcontinent that includes both Tiperyn and Airgiallan territory and the name used to describe a race of Goidels originating in modern-day Tiperyn. Goidelia is derived from the Old Goidelic word Goídelc, which itself is derived from the proto-Goidelic word Guoidel meaning "pirate" or "raider." This term was originally an endonym, originating during the 1st or 2nd century CE during the height of Gaulic raids of the western and northern Artemian coast.
Prehistory and antiquity
The Goidelia subcontinent is believed to have been sparsely populated by archaic humans of the species homo antecessor' between 850,000 and 900,000 years ago. Fossil records indicate that the first of the anatomically modern humans inhabited southern Goidelia as early as 32,000 years ago, although migration beyond the southern coast did not occur until 10,000 years ago when the ice sheet began to recede. At this time, Goidelia was connected to Artemia via a land bridge across what is now the Saint Canal due to lower sea levels. Geneticists suggest that the early indigenous human population were decedents of early modern humans from what is now Ovancia and migrated to the subcontinent primarily via this land bridge and by boat.
Proto-Goidelic culture and language developed in Goidelia, influenced by the migration of continental La Tène tribes from 400 BCE. Ancient seafaring Guals speaking Gaulic were the predominant civilization in southern Goidelia beginning at approximately 200 BCE. Gaulic tribes were responsible for much of the Goidelic presence in continental Artemia, notorious for raiding continental coastal settlements and founding permanent settlements. The largest of these settlements was founded in what is now northern Legantus during the 1st century BCE, although these Gauls were eventually pushed out of the area by competing Goetic tribes by the 2nd century CE. Although the Gaels never fell a continental culture, due in part to its relative isolation on the Goidelia subcontinent, its culture eventually faded from prominence by 700 CE. Around this time, the Gauls were supplanted by Old Goidelic and Old Brittanic-speaking Goidelics.
Medieval times to Goetic invasion, 800-1150
The rival matriarchal Brittanic and Goidelic tribes of Goidelia had evolved into a patchwork of kingdoms by 800 CE. These kingdoms were the progenitors to the modern Brittanic and Goidelic duchies and principalities of Tiperyn. These kingdoms retained much of the seafaring tradition of their Gaulic predecessors, settling the archipelago that now composes the Goidelic Republic of Airgialla. Between 900 CE to 1,000 CE, it is alleged that the Goidelic druid Pádraig sailed across the North Iapetus, landing in what is now modern Brigantica. He reported his findings to the High Queens and Kings of the Goidelic kingdoms, describing temperate, beautiful, and largely uninhabited landscapes - with the exception of sparse Algonquian tribes. Goidelic explorers and priests gradually plotted the coastline of eastern Brigantica, founding hill-forts along the coastline.
Goidelia fell subject to invasion by the Goetic Angli and Frisii tribes of continental Artemia in 1080 CE. Over the course of the next 40 years, the Goidelic and Brittanic kingdoms of southern and eastern Goidelia were pushed west, supplanted by Angli and Frisii settlements. These settlements act as hubs of major Goetic migration to Goidelia. The most significant of these settlements was founded in what is now known as Ambrosia Bay. These settlements would evolve into predominantly Frisii kindgoms in the south and east, and Anglii warriors moving north past the Izerhert mountain ranges. By 1150 CE, Goidelia's Goidelic population had been pushed into the island's western-most areas, coalescing under one Goidelic kingdom and one Brittanic queendom. Based on genetic research and writings found in the ruins of a Goidelic settlement in modern-day Airgialla, it is theorized High Queen Maeve displaced her kingdom to Brigantica following early Goidelic defeats at the hands of the Anglo-Frisii invasion, founding what would eventually become the state of Anderin. This accounts for the presence of indigenous Goidelics in northern Avalonia, as well as the disappearance of the original kingdoms of Airgialla during the 12th century.
Goetic expansion and early clashes, 1150-1300
From the mid 12th century to the early 14th century, Goidelia was marked with the expansion of the Goetic kingdoms, periodic war, and the formation of the Tipslansk and Anglic identities. Through this period, the Middle Tipsprek and Middle Anglic languages developed from their Goetic progenitors. The Goetic tribes gained practical control over the majority of Goidelia - with the exception of western Goidelic lands - and tensions boiled between the competing nobles leading up to the House Wars.
The Old Frisii migrants had unified into two major kingdoms: Tipslan and Vitenlan. Meanwhile, many of the Anglii migrants continued north, traversing the Izerhert Mountain Range into the largely uninhabited taiga of northern Goidelia. The kingdom of Tipslan was the original Goetic kingdom of Tiperyn founded by the ancestors of the Highal royal family in 1172, taking its namesake from the Frisii word Tipslan meaning "further land." Vitenlan was one of the earliest expansions of the newly established Tipslan east after a peace agreement was signed between House Highal and the Goidelic High Queen. The settlers in eastern Goidelia fractured from Tipslan in response to Tipslansk demands for tribute from the area's prosperous cattle ranchers and wheat farmers. The dissidents rallied around the wealthy Menward noble family, organizing an army composed of both peasant infantry and auxiliaries and noble cavalrymen and founding the kingdom of Vitenlan in 1255. At this time, the conflict between Tipslan and the Goidelics had de-escalated to minor border clashes and raids along the largely uncontrolled border regions. The wealthiest and most powerful of the noble families subordinate to House Highal had begun to boil with malcontent, but House Highal had attempted to maintain its control of the remainder of Tipslan territory by diminishing the role of the nobility in the standing military, appointing viceroys to manage village militias. However, this only further stewed discontent amongst Tipslan's western and northern reaches.
When Queen Falkou, the second queen of Tipslan, died in 1266, several noble families of the east and central areas of Goidelia revolted against House Highal. House Hathuvard of Zoervoud and House Eilulf of Idlerein challenged the authority of the Highal family over Tipslan. Over the following decades, Tipslan solidified its control of southern Goidelia, quickly seizing ports and major farmland on the periphery of its territory. Countess Valentina, being the oldest female child of Queen Falkou—aside her two sisters and three brothers—ascended to the throne. Valentina I was crowned the Queen of Tipslan in 1266 after a brief period of leadership by Prince Gerrit - the husband of Queen Falkou. By 1261, House Hathuvard had incited an open rebellion. Across Zoervoud, barracks housing militamen were torched and soldiers were ambushed as they ate and bathed. The tributary demands of Tipslan in the form of grain and men for House Highal's army had increased substantially when Zoervoud cut off its supplies from Tipslan. With this, the lower nobility's support for House Highal diminished. Soon after, Tipslan was fully embroiled in war with Vitenlan.
Queen Valentina I was notorious for her pragmatism and brutality towards dissidents and rival noble houses. The year 1274 marked one of the most infamous acts in Tiperyn history, when Valentina I summoned leading members of the Hathuvard and Eilulf noble houses to Ambrosia to discuss a resolution to the conflict between the houses. Upon receiving two princesses of House Hathuvard and the crown prince of House Eilulf, Valentine I immediately ordered their execution. Concurrently to their visit, she had dispatched a force of 2,500 men to ride to the Eilulf's seat in Nijboarn and raid the city. Tipslan cavalry, supported by nearly 600 militiamen that joined along the march, entered Nijboarn on 17 August 1274 and razed the city to the ground, killing between 5,000 and 10,000 people and executing the leading members of House Eilulf. After the battle, Valentina I placed control of Idlerein under the authority of the loyal House Vilbrand—a spin-off family of House Highal—with Elisabeth Vilbrand becoming the first Duchess of Idlerein in 1280.
The dismantlement of House Eilulf and consolidation of power over Idlerein bought Tipslan two decades of relative peace before combat intensified in Tysjerkstera and Vitenlan. House Hathuvard of the northwest submitted to Valentina I after the razing of Nijboarn, fearing raids against its relatively vulnerable seat at Mynherberch. Although Tipslan continued to delegate local governance to House Hathuvard in the area now referred to as Zoervoud, House Highal had regained its access to its rich mineral resources - particularly iron and copper. Meanwhile, the conflict against Vitenlan had ground to a stand still, with neither side able to reach a decisive victory. From 1278 to 1300, neither Vitenlan nor Tipslan instigated a battle, rather bidding their time for an advantageous time to attack. Expecting an imminent war to take the entirety of Goidelia, Valentina I drastically expanded the size of the Tipslaner and Idlereiner armies and implemented positions, offering positions of nobility to those who would serve as officers. During this period of peace, Valentina I discharged many soldiers hailing from Zoervoud and deployed Tipslaner and Idlereiner soldiers to areas that had once been in rebellion to maintain authority. However, as the power of the Tipslan military grew, so to did its requirement for resources. Taxes demanded of Tipslan's periphery duchies increased every year from 1285 to 1300, as did the overbearing presence of Tipslan militiamen and knights.
In 1300, House Hathuvard instigated an open rebellion against Queen Valentina I's reign once more. Although House Vilbrand of Idlerein stood loyal with Tipslan, six low noble families north of Idlerein and Tipslan splintered, forming principalities around the cities of Eastliryk, Hindelvega, Rote, Buitenvoud, Malskurm and Steinsen. These rebellions and secession are now considered to be the beginning of the House Wars.
House Wars, 1301-1333
The House Wars were a series of conflicts between the Tipslan-Idlerein alliance against two rebellious duchies and six principalities, sometimes defined to include the campaigns conducted against the Goidelic kingdoms from 1333 to 1345. The "rebellious" states dubbed their partnership the Sovereign Alliance, alluding to each states' sovereignty as a nation and their independence from Tipslan's orbit. Lasting from 1301 to 1333, the Tipslan-led alliance fought a campaign of divide and conquer, first targeting the weakest principalities directly bordering Tipslan before engaging the larger duchies of Zoervoud and Vitenlan. During the early years of the war, Tipslan fought on the defensive, protecting its eastern border from the Vitenlan threat whilst rushing to secure the vulnerable iron mines of southern Zoervoud and Eastrein. The first major offensive to regain dominance its over rebellious tributaries began in 1312 with the invasion of the principalities and their destruction. By 1319, the rebellious noble families who commanded the six principalities were either captured, executed or forced to flee to Vitenlan or Zoervoud. Valentina I replaced their reign with loyal noble families, crowning their reigning members as princesses and princes of the Tipslansk Ryk—a concept that had not existed previously—and granted them a mandate to rule over the principalities. The coronation of the six nobles occurred during the same ceremony in 1320 in the Tipslan capital of Ambrosia. Valentina's use of the term "Tipslansk Ryk" in her famous "Warrior Queen" speech was the first suggestion of a unified Tiperyn by the royal family. This was a stark contrast to the policy House Highal had enforced in the past, which was maintaining Tipslan's sphere of influence enveloping the less powerful tributary monarchs of the region. This foreshadowed the rise of the Tiperyn Realm at the war's end.
Tipslan set its sights on House Hathuvard of Zoervoud in 1321 after regaining strength from the campaign against the smaller principalities. Facing an inferior enemy force and already in control of its major iron mines, the Tipslan alliance—now aided by principality forces—invaded Zoervoud, defeating House Hathuvard by 1333. Tipslan invaded Vitenlan later that year, crossing the Ienheid River on 2 November and laying siege to the Vitenlan capital of Wineker on 29 November. Vitenlan capitulated to Tipslan forces once its food stores had expended on 4 March 1334, suffering approximately 40,000 civilian deaths due to starvation.
Like the principalities before them, the noble families that dominated Zoervoud and Vitenlan were dismantled and replaced by the loyal House Reitsma and House Fisser respectively. Although unification of the continent would not come for another 12 years, the armies of the Tipslan-Idlerein alliance and the formerly rebellious Tystjerkstera and Vitenlan were unified and given the task of policing the recently conquered territory. Although the leading families of the rebellion had been jailed, executed, or exiled, sympathetic nobles remained in their social and political positions as they were not held responsible for the rebellions. Thus, discontent of the Tipslansk domination broiled and minor resistance persisted until unification in 1345.
Goidelic Campaign, 1337-1345
It is believed Queen Valentina I died on 1 September 1334 of pneumonia, although several records also report 6 September as her date of death. She was succeeded by her eldest daughter Valentina II (age 17). With the unification of the ethnically Tipslansk duchies and principalities, Valentina II turned her ambitions towards the Goidelic kingdoms and queendoms of the west which had remained unchallenged since 1150 and by that point loosely unified into a confederation to counter the Tipslansk threat. In 1337, Valentina II committed Tipslan's army to the largest campaign in its history. A force of nearly 90,000 Tipslan soldiers invaded the kingdoms of Poc'her and Rosraig. With both sides taking heavy losses initially, the campaign turned into a protracted war of attrition. Goidelic forces implemented guerilla tactics, ambushing columns of Tipslan soldiers as they traversed Rosraig's thick forest valleys. Tipslan forces besieged the Goidelic's major towns, including the Rosraig capital of An Clochan on island's western coast, and bombarded them into submission. The decisive battle was the Battle of Solas Canala, where Tipslan forces converged on a Goidelic force of nearly 15,000 that had retreated to the port city of Solas Canala, intending to escape by ship to the Airgialla archipelago. Once Goidelic forces had retreated into the city following the arrival of Tipslan forces, Tipslan alliance soldiers laid siege to the city while alliance ships blockaded the port and began a bombardment. Over the course of four months, two-thirds of the original 15,000-strong Goidelic force had died, as well as 34,000 of the city's inhabitants. The Goidelics officially capitulated on 9 September 1345, bringing an end to the Goidelic Campaign and consolidating House Highal's supremacy over the continent after nearly 90 years of discontinuous armed conflict.
Following the end of hostilities, House Highal had identified several well-connected families that were sympathetic to the Tipslan-Idlerein alliance during the campaign and bestowed upon them titles within the Tipslansk nobility. The old kingdoms and queendoms of the Goidelic Confederacy were dismantled, with large swaths of territory being placed under the administration of states encompassing the general areas of Poc'her, Darimh, and Rosraig.
To the north, the island's Anglic population had remained isolated north of the Izerhert Mountain Ranges and stayed out of the earlier House Wars as well as the Goidelic Campaign. Following a meeting of the Duchess Jane of Haukvirth, Princess Victoria Hawtrey of Spencton, and Valentina II in November 1345, the Duchy of Haukvirth and Principality of Spencton agreed to peacefully join the Tipslan-led alliance shortly after the end of the Goidelic Campaign in exchange for access to the southern duchies' foodstuffs and iron, increased autonomy in comparison to the conquered territories, and the cessation of Zoervoud city of Alahaven in the northwest to Haukvirth (from which most ordinary Zoervoud citizens were expelled).
Queen Valentina II declared the founding of a Tipslansk Ryk, dubbed the Tiperyn Realm by the island's Anglic population. She ordered the convention of all of the Realm's duchesses, dukes, princes, and princesses at the Anglic enclave of Stallings in northern Tipslan. At the meeting, she laid out the pillars of the Realm, cementing Tipslan as the Grand Duchy of the Realm and declaring herself Empress of the Tiperyn Realm. The Stallings Concordant was signed on 5 December 1345, and serves as the founding document of Tiperyn.
Early post-unification, 1345-1389
Through the early years of the Tiperyn Realm, House Highal and the Grand Duchy of Tipslan consolidated power throughout the subcontinent. Prior to the Apostolicization of the early 15th century, the early Tiperyn Realm still acted as a confederacy rather than a true union with Tipslan and the monarch at the core of a network of allied states, vassals, and rivals. The Tipslan dominant realm persecuted families that had opposed them in the House Wars, suppressed Goidelic pagan practice and other minor sects of Christianity, and refused to change the purportedly unfair succession process laid down in the Stallings Concordant. By the early 1380s—less than 40 years after the establishment of the Realm—lines were drawn between the states that professed their loyalty to House Highal and those who fervently opposed the federal government's crackdowns and general policy in the Congress of Nobles.
Tipslan maintained a close relationship with its close ally of Idlerein to its west, which Valentina I had put under the administration of a spin-off family of House Highal. Under the rule of Valentina II, Idlerein was largely considered to be an equal partner to Tipslan in the new Tiperyn Realm. Haukvirth had been granted similar status as well as greater autonomy for its ethnically Anglic population. The cessation of Alahaven to Haukvirth as the end of the Goidelic Campaign had solidified the northern duchy's support for the newly crowned Empress Valentina II and brought with it the loyalty of the Principality of Spencton which that that time was largely a Haukvirth vassal. To the east, although not yet integrated into the Tiperyn Realm, Tipslan was also currying favor with the ethnically Oostlands State of Kanaalbaken and Principality of Grootshaven which had remained neutral during both the House Wars and Goidelic Campaign, but had respected the Tipslan-Idlerein Alliance's blockade of the opposing states.
Meanwhile, unrest was brewing in several other states—primarily those who had to submit to Tipslan rule after opposing the power in Tiperyn's formative wars. Fervourwas particularly virulent in the ethnically Goidelic states of Darimh and Rosraig who were subject to persecution and suppression on the basis of ethnicity and their practice of Goidelic Paganism—a religion whose practice was seen as heretical and punishable by death in the new realm. The Duchy of Poc'her, which was mostly Brittanic rather than Goidelic (and thus physically resembling the Tipslansk population) and whose population primarily practiced Apostolicism and other smaller sects of Christianity was comparatively more docile. The nobility at the helm of Poc'her consistently professed their loyalty to the realm, while those of Darimh and Rosraig stoked the flames of discontent during the Congress of Nobles' annual meetings.
The Duchy of Zoervoud and Vitenlan their vassal principalities in the heart of Tiperyn were similarly dissatisfied with the new union. The sole exception was the Principality of Buitenvoud which saw benefit in remaining loyal to the realm to escape the influence of Zoervoud. Vitenlan and Zoervoud were the principal belligerents fighting against the Tipslan-Idlerein Alliance during the House Wars. Although Tipslan had placed loyal families in charge of both states and dismantled their previous ruling families, the lower nobles and normal citizens of the states remained extremely resentful of what they saw as Tipslaner domination of the continent. Further, they were jealous of the Duchy of Haukvirth who they bordered, having been deprived of similar privileges that the Anglics had been given when the realm was formed. Zoervoud was especially bitter over the loss of Alahaven, a major seaport and cultural center, to Haukvirth and the two powers occasionally clashed at their border. These skirmishes led to increased tensions, but would not escalate into full-blown conflict until the late 1380s.
Dukes' Rebellion, 1389-1393
An alliance, led by the duchies of Rosraig, Zoervoud and Vitenlan seceeded from the fledgling Tiperyn Realm in November of 1389, with Realm Guard regiment from rebellious duchies openly attacking loyalist military units throughout their territory. The four year long Dukes' Rebellion erupted as the result of dissatisfaction with the the Tipslan-Idlerein-Haukvirth dominance of the subcontinent and the territorial losses suffered by the central and western duchies during Tiperyn's formation. The Dukes' Rebellion was essentially a delayed continuation of the House Wars and Goidelic Campaign, and would solidify the political power of Tipslan and Haukvirth over the entirety of Goidelia.
Although the secessionists won early victories in 1389 and early 1390, the loyalists counter-offensives of mid-1391 to 1392 saw the rapid dismantling of resistance in Rosraig and smaller central duchies and principalities, followed in short order by Zoervoud and Vitenlan. The war was the last time a non-Goidel duchy or principality openly rebelled against Tiperyn rule. It also saw the rise of Apostolicism in public affairs. Although the majority of people in southeast and extreme northern Tiperyn—including House Highal—practiced a form of Marianism known as Apostolicism, it had not been invoked as an influence over policy before the Dukes' Rebellion. The divine right of House Highal, as purported descendants of Saint Mary Magdalene, to rule the entirety of Goidelia being cited by Empress Valentina II as justification for the subservience of the secessionist duchies, likely as a tool to gain the support of Apostolic clergy who held incredible influence over the peasant class. The Dukes' Rebellion, although primarily divided based on the leanings of the duchies in previous conflicts, also had its players divided largely along religious lines. It saw the alliance of Poc'her, a largely indigenous Brittanic duchy, but which practiced Apostolicism following it's introduction by missionaries from the southeast of Tiperyn in the 13th century. Meanwhile, the duchies of Vitenlan and Zoervoud, the largest duchies within the secessionist alliance, largely practised forms of Christianity more common in Goetic regions of continental Artemia. These sects were outlawed and persecuted during the Apostolicization of the Tiperyn state in 1405, resulting in thousands of deaths and the eradication of all forms of Christianity other than Apostolicism.
The Dukes' Rebellion also influenced the primary duchy rivalries that continue to exist in the modern Tiperyn politics. Namely, the rivalry between the duchies Tipslan, Idlerein and Haukvirth versus Zoervoud and Vitenlan—both of which subjugate the Goidels of the southwest. While the rebellious duchies had their noble families arrested, either exiled or executed, and replaced by local spin-off families of House Highal at the end of the war, resentment of the loyalist victory remained amongst the lower nobility. A fundamental distrust of the decentralized Realm Guard—whose companies were mustered by local, influential lower nobles and regiments formed by the duchies themselves—was heightened within the royal family, resulting in the creation of the Empress' Own. Initially hand-picked infantry from Tipslan's infantry regiments, the Empress' Own formed the basis of what was essentially an anti-coup force loyal to the Tiperyn monarch that would be garrisoned across Tiperyn to quell potential uprisings instigated by disloyal Realm Guard units. The Empress' Own would developed into the Holy Guard with Apostolicization in 1405, taking on the responsibility of religious police and militias under the administration of the First Apostolic Church—which the Empress headed. The Holy Guard remains a massive actor in Tiperyn society; a paramilitary organization numbering about 1 million members.
Consolidation and Apostolicization, 1393-1540
Following the turbulence of Tiperyn's founding and following rebellions, the 15th century saw the consolidation of the Tiperyn Realm into a dominant power in Western Artemia and the Apostolicization of its state. With the homeland secure, with only periodic unrest stemming from the subjugation of ethnically Goidel, Pagan indigenous populations in the west, Tiperyn was able to set its sights abroad, developing rivalries with the nearby powers of Ovancia, Agrana y Griegro, and Jungastia. Additionally, developing from the invokation of religious authority by Empress Valentina II during the Dukes' Rebellion to curry favor among the highly influential clergy class, her successor Valentina III continued the development of relations between the Apostolic church and the Tiperyn state. In her coronation address, Valentina III described Tiperyn as a "citadel of divine superiority" separate from the "barbarous powers of the continent", alluding to herself as the rightful heir to Mary Magdalene and Tiperyn as the army of Christ. Within this orientation were the precepts of Tiperyn exceptionalism and divine right, sowing the seeds for Tiperyn's future colonial expansion. In 1405, in a bid to solidify the influence the crown had gained through the institutionalisation of religion, Valentina III unified the Tiperyn Realm with the Apostolic faith. Through this act, she founded the First Apostolic Church, placing the monarchy as its head. The Tiperyn Realm was re-christened the Holy Tiperyn Realm, and the current institutions of cardinals as ministers and the religiously-oriented Holy Guard paramilitary were formed.
Apostolicization saw the widespread persecution of Christian practitioners outside of the Apostolic faith, with their near eradication through conversion or imprisonment by the late 15th century. Additionally, the systemic subjugation of the Goidels gained a religious justification, as the Goidels were mostly Pagans. Violence against the Goidels exploded during this period, with the early Holy Guard largely being used to seek and disrupt Pagan practice.
Early colonization and Goidelic secession, 1580-1578
Mass colonization of Avalonia and, to a lesser extent, Kesh began in the early 1500s under Empress Atina II, setting Tiperyn on a path to become one of the world's largest colonizers. The continent of Avalonia had been discovered in the mid 1400s by the Ovancians when fisherman landed in what is now Chezzetcook in 1440. Anglic Tiperyn fishermen followed thereafter, landing at Chezzetcook in 1470. However, Tiperyn did not follow this discovery with colonization—although Anglics independently migrated to the archipelago en masse beginning in 1490—and the Avalonian mainland had yet to be discovered by Artemians.
Tiperyn's colonial policy would be heavily influenced by its first state-supported colony abroad Ellora off the coast of South Kesh. The island nation was discovered by Tiperyn explorers under the command of Pieter Feddes van Harlingen in 1532.
In 1541, Tiperyn became the first contemporary Artemian power to discover mainland Avalonia—although seafaring Goidels had actually discovered the continent much earlier—when the navigational vessel TNV Venture landed in what is now Brigantica, disembarking and founding the colony of Charlestowne. Tiperyn immediately dispatched Realm Armada vessels to the new continent in secret, eager to solidify its claim over Avalonia before its rival powers—primarily Ovancia, Agrana y Griegro, and Jungastia—could lay claim over the new frontier. Tiperyn swiftly founded several smaller realm colonies—primarily housing small military detachments that were publicly said to have been bound for Ellora—on the eastern coast of the Brigantic subcontinent. It was not until 1546 that Tiperyn revealed that it had discovered a new continent, by that time controlling outposts all along northern Brigantica. These early colonies expanded inland, encountering indigenous Algonquin and, more perplexingly, Goidels who had migrated to Avalonia from the Goidelic subcontinent approximately 600 years prior to Tiperyn's arrival. These Goidels, united under the Anderin State, offered stiff resistance to the Tiperyn colonizers. By the early 1550s, Tiperyn colonists—including woodsmen, trappers, clergy, and in some towns convicted conscripts—began migrating to Avalonia in large numbers.
Anderin, its Goidels and peripheral Algonquin were ultimately conquered by Tiperyn, committed to enslavement as cheap labor. The various realm colonies which dotted the northern Brigantic coastline were amalgamated into the Realm Viceroyalty of Anderin, becoming Tiperyn's first major colony under direct monarch control. By this time, the Ovancians had begun a widespread colonization of the Brigantic subcontinent west of Anderin, forming the colony of Laurentia in the island's subtropical regions. Anderin would prove to be one of Tiperyn's most authoritarian. This was partially because of racist policies from Tiperyn, which considered the Goidels—descendent from their own subordinate Goidels on the Tiperyn mainland—an inferior people. Additionally, there was no willing indigenous group of note that Tiperyn could effectively delegate authority and governance to, as it did with most colonies. Thus, the Tiperyn military took direct control over the entirety of Anderin, delegating local authority to Tiperyn aristocrats and trading companies. Anderin was widely exploited for its timber, furs, and exotic crops on the west coast. Its natives were largely subjugated, either pushed to the periphery of Anderin to the western mountain ranges or enslaved. Tiperyn authorities treated the area as a prison colony, disappearing kidnapped Goidels from western Tiperyn to the viceroyalty to work orchards and lumber operations.
The subjugation of Goidels abroad coincided with their subjugation domestically, embroiling western Tiperyn's Goidel-dominant areas in widespread civil unrest. In particular, the kidnapping of Goidels to be exported as slave labor in Anderin caused violence to erupt in the major industrial cities on Tiperyn's west coast, including several murders of clergy and government officials. The First Goidelic Secession began in 1571 with the assassination of Atina III during a royal address in Darimh. Atina III was the only Empress to be assassinated in Tiperyn history.
During the first years of the First Goidelic Secession, military forces in Anderin were partially withdrawn to aid in suppressing unrest. This led to the formation of civil militias in the north Avalonian colony, as well as increased brutality against the native population. The Tiperyn military swiftly marched into the cities of Darimh, Rosraig, and Rostrenenn in 1572 under the command of Atina III's successor Empress Johanna, capturing and executing Goidel mayors and installing martial law. Darimh, the symbolic centre of Goidel opposition was razed. Tiperyn forces, consisting of four infantry regiments, met disparate Goidel militias in the rolling hills of central Poc'her, decisively defeating them. Most open combat on mainland Tiperyn had concluded by 1578, although the secession would continue until 1610 in the form of general unrest and minor skirmishes.
By 1579, Tiperyn had reoriented its sights from domestic unrest towards colonial expansion. Throughout the secession, Tiperyn deported thousands of dissident Goidel secessionists to Anderin as slave labor. Tiperyn military forces had been re-garrisoned in Anderin, with the city of Charlestowne being used as a base for further exploration of Avalonia. Additionally, ethnically Oostlands farmers had founded the colony of the Realm Viceroyalty of Nyland on the southeast coast of the Brigantia subcontinent, incorporating it as a realm viceroyalty in 1580. These settlers would diverge linguistically from their Oostlands ancestors, developing the Ochtendlands colonial language.
Colonial empire in Avalonia, 1580-1850
From the late 1500s onward the Tiperyn government issued a significant amount of charters to private entities to explore and found companies in Avalonia. Over the course of a century, Tiperyn grew to become one of the largest colonial empires in the world only rivalled in economic might by Jungastia, Ovancia and Agrana y Griegro. While Tiperyn colonization occured worldwide, including the island of Crius in the Eurybian (1545) and the Jade Sea off the coast of East Kesh (1655), the bulk of Tiperyn's expansion prior to the 19th century was in the new world.
Although highly lucrative for the Holy Tiperyn Realm and the primary focus of its foreign policy for the better part of two centuries, Tiperyn colonization of Avalonia would come to an end in the 19th century. Decolonization of Avalonia was partially initiated at the behest of Empress Yda III, who was largely unimpressed with the cost of maintaining colonies in relatively unproductive parts of South Avalonia. This effort followed violent revolutions in Anderin and Nyland, with the former resulting in the creation of the new state of Brigantica. The decolonization of Avalonia was continued as Empress Ingel assumed the throne in 1820. With her sights set on expansion in Kesh, Ingel was largely willing to let go of Tiperyn's colonies in Avalonia given that Tiperyn would retain a large sway over friendly governments.
Anderin (North Avalonia)
Nyland (North Avalonia)
Abeille (North Avalonia)
Together with the Tiperyn Realm Armada, private explorers mapped the northeast coast of mainland Avalonia opposite of Brigantia's western and southern coastline. Tiperyn explorers surveyed near the present day town of Ephraim on Arroyo-Abeille's east coast in 1610. Later in 1611, the Anglic Retner Company of Alahaven was chartered by the crown to launch a settlement near Ephraim. Established the Realm Viceroyalty of Abeille under Retner Company administration, the new Tiperyn colony was settled primarily by Anglic-speaking Tiperyn citizens as crossings mostly originated from the city of Alahaven under the administration of the Anglic Haukvirth. Abeille expanded rapidly, rivalling the Agranan colony of Arroyo to the south of Abeille's claim. Tiperyn explorers crossed the cold deserts of central Abeille, reaching the colony's western coastline in 1618. Unlike in Anderin, Tiperyn settlers formed a mutually beneficial alliance with the natives, applying the experience they had gained governing Ellora. Abeille became a large producer of tobacco, cotton, and other cash crops for Tiperyn with assistance from indigenous Whitefoot tribes.
Abeille gained Realm Dominion status in 1710 in return for its role in military operations during the Brigantic War of Independence. As a Realm Dominion, Abeille had greater autonomy in its governance. The Tiperyn Governor-General (also called a Viceroy) was relegated from head of government to a representative of the Empress, with most practical power—except for command of Abeille's Realm Guard detachments—being delegated to Abeillan authorities. Abeille remained a Realm Dominion until 6 April 1850, when it gained its independence peacefully during Tiperyn's decolonization period in Avalonia.
Kaya (South Avalonia)
Tiperyn sailors aboard the navigation carrack TNV Eureka made first contact with the Kayan Empire of southern Avalonia in 1610. The ship had set sail earlier in the year from the Realm Viceroyalty of Anderin with a mission to map the eastern Avalonian coast and find a southern passage to the Tethys Ocean. The TNV Eureka made land fall in what is now the province of Kyeongsang on 12 May 1610. Following several days of exploration and contact with emissaries of the Kayan Empire, the Tiperyn crew was astonished by the advanced state of Kayan society—although the peoples of Zahava were similarly advanced, the Eureka did not ultimately land there. Tiperyn established an early trading relationship with the Kayan—who had significant mineral and agricultural resources—and did not show aggression through the landing of military knight-explorers to take land for the Realm. Historians believe this was largely because of conflict at home, however, as Tiperyn was embroiled in the tail end of the First Goidelic Seccession at the time. Historians believe that although she did not order such during her lifetime, Tiperyn Empress Johanna's ultimate ambition was to colonize the entirety of the Pavalonian Peninsula. Following the death of Empress Johanna in 1622 and the ascent of Emperor Fedderik—Tiperyn's only male emperor—Tiperyn landed military forces on Kayan soil for the first time.
On 22 June 1622, the Tiperyn Realm Armada invaded the southern Kayan province of Kaya with two dozen warships and 5,000 men. Kaya, the southernmost region of Kaya, was chosen for the invasion because of the Kayan Empire's loose grip over the region and the presence of potential allies disillusioned with the empire. Although rich in lumber and some mineral resources, which Tiperyn exploited over the course of its colonization, the region of Kaya was far less fertile than the northern subtropical and tropical provinces of Kyeongsang, Sanuido, and Silla. Although this meant Kaya was a less valuable target to conquer, it was a more attainable prize as it was far away from the major population centers from which the Kayan Empire ruled. Tiperyn completely conquered the Kaya region by Christmas of 1622, christening it the new Realm Viceroyalty of Kaya.
Over the course of several years the Tiperyn military attempted to break out of Kaya into Silla and progress with the colonization of the peninsula with support from the indigenous underling Enlightened Society. However, these attempts all ultimately failed due to the Kayan Empire's stranglehold over its northern provinces, confining Tiperyn to Kaya. Still, the Kayan Empire was just as unable to regain control of Kaya from Tiperyn, leading to a de facto acceptance of the colony's existence and growing frustration from the Kayan people aimed at the ruling emperor.
Five years after the Tiperyn colonization of Kaya, the Realm colonized what is now southern SiWallqanqa and Jinhang using Kaya as a base, establishing the Realm Viceroyalty of Pauwonia, Realm Colony of Port Hope, and Realm Colony of Trans-Urubamba. Additionally, other colonial powers in the region were making claims in the region—some over Kayan lands. The Kingdom of Jungastia seized a peninsula as a colony in what is now the Sátão. Although not a part of the Kayan Empire, the United Kingdom of Agrana y Griegro colonized a large island north of Kaya around the same time, naming it Trinidad. As Artemian influence spreading in the region and Tiperyn's hold over formerly Kayan territory secure, unrest permeated throughout Kayan society as the legitimacy and strength of the emperor was called into question. With Tiperyn support resting firmly on the revolutionary Enlightened Society who had promised to grant Tiperyn access to Kayan resources and ports should Tiperyn aid them against the empire, a revolution in Kaya was a forgone conclusion.
Tiperyn backed the Enlightened Society during the Kayan Revolution that lasted from 1647 to 1658, directly aiding it militarily in the overthrow of the Kayan Empire. Following the revolution, which saw the rise of the Enlightened Society to power, Tiperyn aided the faction once again in the purging of disloyal elements of the Kayan military through naval blockades of naval ports and the supply of weapons during the War of a Thousand Banners. Tiperyn governed Kaya peacefully for nearly one-and-a-half centuries, maintaining a close relationship with the Kayan. Kaya served as a lucrative source of timber, fruits, and livestock, albeit one of the least agriculturally productive regions of the Pavalonian Peninsula. In the early 1800s, with Tiperyn re-orienting its colonial vision from Avalonia towards Kesh, the Kayan people firmly entrenched as allies of the realm, and reigning monarch Empress Yda III growing ambivalent towards relatively unproductive colonial holdings in south Avalonia, Tiperyn initiated the decolonization process of Kaya. Tiperyn officially ceded Kaya to the Kayan in 1820, but retained the Realm City of Chimchag on Kaya's eastern coast as a parting gift in return for Tiperyn's early support of the Enlightened Society and its role in the Kayan Revolution. Chimchag remains in Tiperyn's possession.
Pauwonia (South Avalonia)
Reorienting towards Kesh, 1850-1915
Jade Sea (East Kesh)
Greater Nasir (North Kesh)
The Grand Campaigns, 1915-1926
- See more: The Grand Campaigns
Armed neutrality, 1915-1919
World war, 1919-1925
Last year of insurrection, 1926
Interwar period, 1926-1948
Dealings in Kesh
Great Kesh War, 1948-1959
Modern times, 1959-present
Mainland Tiperyn has an area of 2,548,575 km2 (984,010 sq mi), occupying the majority of the Goidelia subcontinent in western Artemia. It only shares the subcontinent with Airgialla, which occupies an archipelago off of Tiperyn's southwestern coast. It lies between the Iapetus Ocean to the west and the Balearic Sea to the east.
Tiperyn is generally temperature with weak winters, cool temperatures, and heavy rainfall year-round in most of the country. Tiperyn has 6 distinct climate zones and can be split into three types of climate: temperate oceanic climate in the south and central areas, tundra in the mountainous regions and the very northernmost areas, and subarctic climate in the northern areas. In the north the Izerhert Mountain Range casts a rain shadow over the northern part of the country (primarily the duchies of Haukvirth and Vitenlan) blocking warm, wet air from the Gulf Stream flowing in from the southwest. As a result Tiperyn's the temperature gradient between Tiperyn's northermost areas and its center and south is fairly substantial during the winter months, although the northern subarctic areas are only marginally cooler by a factor of about 2°C on average in July. This is also affected by cold, dry Boreal currents flowing from the north which result the northeast areas of Tiperyn generally being colder and dryer than the northwest on average. Additionally, the eastern regions are Tiperyn are generally dryer than the west, due also to the warm, wet flow of the Gulf Stream from the southwest and west.
Some small pockets of warm-summer, humid continental (Dfb) climate also exist in Tiperyn's central interior, primarily in the foothills surrounding large mountain ranges south of the Izerhert Range. Meanwhile, subpolar oceanic (Cfc) forms a transition boundary travelling northwards separating the oceanic (Cfb) climate in the south and central areas from the subarctic (Dfc) and alpine (ET) of the north. Much of Tiperyn's subpolar west coast and sheltered regions of its foothills are home to temperate rain forests. Meanwhile, snowfall is most common in the country's subarctic and alpine areas when compared to the southerly oceanic climate zones. The rarer dry summer subarctic (Dsc) climate type is present in small areas of the Izerhert Mountain Range. By contrast, Tiperyn's subarctic regions do not have a dry season.
The vast majority of Tiperyn's population lives in its oceanic climate zones, with only about 12 million people or about 4% of the population living in the subarctic region and negligible population in the alpine and tundra areas. The highest proportion of subarctic climate zone is in the duchies of Haukvirth and Vitenlan and the principality of Spencton, although the majority of the population in all three states lives in oceanic climate.
Being relatively isolated from the rest of Artemia, Tiperyn's flora and fauna are relatively distinct from its continental neighbors.
The subcontinent's fauna include the only extant marsupials in Artemia. While historically shielded from the mainland's competing placental mammals by the Balearic Sea, Tiperyn's unique fauna has largely been protected in modern times through government restriction on the introduction of foreign animals as an extension of Tiperyn exceptionalism. Broad exceptions include most of Tiperyn's working animals and livestock, including cows and pigs, which are not indigenous to Tiperyn. These animals were first brought to Tiperyn from Artemia in smaller numbers by Goidel seagoers around 400 CE, while Goetic migrants introduced large numbers of placental mammal livestock from the 12th century CE onwards.
Carnivorous thylacinids and thylacoleonids are common throughout the subcontinent, with several wild species within both families present on Tiperyn. The Pouched Wolf (Thylacinus lupus) is Tiperyn's largest thylacinid, an apex predator and keystone species in Tiperyn's north. It has been heavily domesticated and selectively bred by humans, creating the Domesticated Pouchhound (Thylacinus lupus familiaris). By contrast, the thylacoleonids, sometimes analogized as the marsupial equivalent to the placental cat, have not been the subjects of widespread domestication. The Snowshoe Pouch Lion (Thylacoleo canadensis) and Alpine Pouchcat (Thylacoleo mons) are Tiperyn's largest extant thylacoleonids, inhabiting Tiperyn's taiga and mountain ranges respectively, as well as the transitional foothills between the two biomes. Meanwhile, the nocturnal Wild Pouchcat (Thylacoleo silvestris) inhabits much of Tiperyn's northern taiga feeding on placental rodents and omnivorous bilbies (Macrotis lagotis). The Wild Pouchcat fills a niche comparable to the Artemian wildcat, with some populations co-existing in heavily populated areas. Although kept by some as exotic pets, they are not considered domesticated.
Avifauna in Tiperyn is similar to that of Western Artemia due to the nullification of the sea boundary by flight. The Black-Bodied Barn Owl (Tyto nigra) is Tiperyn's national bird.
There are no snakes on Tiperyn, although it does have several species of small lizards, turtles and amphibians such as newts, frogs and toads.
The majority of southern and central Tiperyn has been deforested over the centuries in the wake of human settlement. However, large swaths of coniferous boreal forest cover the majority of northern Tiperyn—particular north of the Izerhert mountain range—while temperate rainforests line much of Tiperyn's western coastline. Evergreen pencil pine, Agathis, star pine, and myrtle beech tree species are common throughout these regions. A wider variety of trees, such as Willows, hawberries, elms, crab apples, cherries, maples, and oaks are native to Tiperyn's temperate oceanic regions.
Izerhert Mountains, Haukvirth
Tiperyn had an estimated population of 296,180,979 as of 1 January 2019.
Approximately 69% of Tiperyn's population speaks Tipsprek as its first language, which also serves as the de facto national language. Historians believe that Tiperyn is where the Anglo-Tipsprek languages developed, diverging from other continental Ingvaeonic languages between the 7th and 10th centuries CE.
In addition, Tiperyn hosts a number of minority languages. Regional languages include Anglic, Goidelic, Oostlands and Brittanic. Each of these four languages is the de facto language for seven of Tiperyn's 17 duchies and principalities. The majority of foreign languages spoken in Tiperyn are in its metropolitan centers, with Kayan being the largest minority population in the capital city of Ambrosia. Additionally, approximately 6,000,000 inhabitants of Grootshaven and Kanaalbaken on Tiperyn's eastern-most coast speak Oostlands as a first language.
Anglic is spoken as a first language chiefly in northern Tiperyn's Duchy of Haukvirth and Principality of Spencton. It serves as the lingua franca in most of the nation's major metropolitan areas due to its prevalence globally. Additionally, the majority of western Tiperyn's Goidelic population speak Goidelic or Brittanic as a first language. Both Goidelic and Brittanic are considered to be indigenous to western Tiperyn and the island chain of Airgialla, existing for centuries before the Goetic migration to Tiperyn in the 1st century. It is in Tiperyn's Goidelic-dominant regions where Tipsprek and Anglic are least common as a first or second language.
|Other foreign languages||235,000||0.08|
|Tiperyn citizens on 1 December 2010||288,280,210||100|
- See more: First Apostolic Church
Prior to the Goetic invasions of the late 11th and early 12th centuries, Goidelic paganism's branches were the dominant religions of the Goidelia subcontinent—what now encompasses all of mainland Tiperyn. Its descendent are commonly, but covertly practiced by the majority of ethnically Goidelic citizens according to an international human rights monitor and is closely related to that practiced by the majority of Airgialla's and Prestonia's populations. However, the practice of Goidelic paganism is banned in Tiperyn. International bodies have estimated that approximately 8% of Tiperyn's population (23.7 million people) practices Goidelic paganism in secret.
Apostolicism, the doctrine of the First Apostolic Church, is the state religion with its practice being mandatory for all Tiperyn citizens born on the mainland or naturalized on the mainland. The Empress is the ceremonial head of the First Apostolic Church, although day-to-day operations are handled by the Primate who also acts as Archcardinal and chair of the Cabinet of Cardinals. The Church maintains a paramilitary force known as the Holy Guard, which grew out of the pre-Christianized Crown Guard. Although the Holy Guard serves the typical function of enforcing canonical law, it was originally found as an anti-coup body intended to balance out the Realm Guard regiments under control of the states following the Dukes' Rebellion of the 14th Century. Although the Realm Guard and federal branches of the military (such as the Realm Armada) swear loyalty to the monarch, the Holy Guard is considered to be the monarch's personal paramilitary organization.
Officially 97% of the Tiperyn population adheres to Apostolicism, the 3% being those adhering to foreign or dominion religions (Tiperyn nationals). However, when considering international estimates of covert Goidelic paganism practice, the figure is probably closer to 89% of the population (263.6 million people) practicing Apostolicism. Although all citizens are required to practice Apostolicism by attending mass and adhering to canonical law, not all nationals are required to and may privately practice other religions to the exclusion of Goidelic paganism. For example, Nasiri citizens—who are Tiperyn nationals, but do not have Tiperyn citizenship—are allowed to practice Islam privately throughout Tiperyn's mainland. Allowance for the public practice of approved national religions has gained some traction in major metropolitan centers of certain states, with Tiperyn's first mosque opening in downtown Alahaven, Haukvirth in 2018. Foreign nationals are also permitted to privately practice their religions, although public practice is common in cultural enclaves such as Kaya-Town in downtown Ambrosia where the Holy Guard rarely patrols. However, both Tiperyn nationals and foreign nationals are subject to canonical law excluding those requiring piety. This includes the enforcement of moral crimes such as murder, cursing God or the monarch (considered to be God's hand and the descendent of Mary Magdalene, founder of the Church), and male homosexuality.
Primary and secondary education in Tiperyn is largely decentralized at the duchy-level, with standards and guidelines being set by duchy and principality governments in concert with the First Apostolic Church. All schooling in Tiperyn is public. Nationally minors are required to attend school until at least the age of 15, although some duchies require attendance up to the age of 17. However, truancy laws are typically not enforced in the Goidel-dominant duchies of Darimh and Rosraig where the practice of child labor in the agricultural and textile industries remains fairly common. Rates of 11th and 13th grade graduation rates are among the lowest in Goidel-dominant regions, followed by rural areas of Zoervoud and Vitenlan. Meanwhile, 13th grade attendance is mandatory in the core duchies of Tipslan and Idlerein where graduation rates and university or vocational school accession rates are fairly high.
Although there are minor variations in structure depending on the burrough, most primary education includes 7 grades (beginning at roughly age 4 and ending at age 11) and secondary is divided into a mandatory phase with 4 grades (beginning at roughly age 11 and ending at age 15) and a selective university or vocational preparatory phase with 2 grades (beginning at roughly age 15 and ending at age 17). Religious Apostolic education is incorporated at all levels of primary and secondary education as per Secretariat of Values guidelines, although dogmatic religious education is more heavily emphasised during primary education while secondary education moreso focuses on Apostolic theory and its role in public affairs.
Higher education in Tiperyn is primarily centred in the capital cities and major metropolitan areas of its duchies, with the oldest educational institutions being the Realm Academies of Ambrosia, Haukvirth and Nijboarn. Univerisities and vocational education largely have their standards and entry process determined by the federal Secretariat of Values, but are administered by duchy- and principality-level bureaus of education. University entry is based primarily on 13th grade results, letters of recommendation from community members and clergy, and volunteer experience. University is tuition-free in Tiperyn, but is highly selective, with acceptance rates hovering between 20% and 30% at most major universities. Tertiary vocational education—including education in vocations such as nursing, mechanics, services, management, commercial driving and piloting, and others—is far more common, with approximately 78% of Tiperyn tertiary students attending a vocational institution. Tertiary education has seen significant investment and development in Tiperyn since the 1980s as part of a push to create a robust educated middle class. Prior to this, universities were viewed primarily as research institutions that employ professionals to conduct government-sanctioned projects rather than as a means of social mobility. Sixty percent of Tiperyn's universities were constructed between 1982 and 2020.
Military academies are also higher education institutions in every duchy and principality with its own Continental Army. Most are undergraduate degree-awarding academies designed to educate new officers for the Realm Guard, and accordingly they are administered by the Secretariat of War and Crisis rather than the Secretariat of Values. Academy attendance is not a requirement for service as an officer, especially for well-connected nobles, but attendance is de facto required for the non-noble class to gain officership. There are 9 mainland Realm Guard academies (in Tipslan, Idlerein, Vitenlan, Eastrein, Haukvirth, Zoervoud, Buitenvoud, Oosterkoop, and Steinsen) and 2 overseas Realm Guard academies (in Nasiria and Chimchag City). The Tiperyn War Academy, a Realm Guard administered graduate degree awarding institution in Ambrosia, was the original Realm Guard academy and second oldest university in Tiperyn, founded in 1415. It currently provides ongoing education for staff and flag officers within the Realm Guard.
The Realm Armada and Realm Aero Service also maintain two academies each in Ambrosia and Haukvirth which recruit from all duchies and principalities. Unlike the Realm Guard, these two branches also accept officer candidates from civil universities, as well as from the ranks of enlisted personnel who lack university credentials.
The Holy Tiperyn Realm is a federal Apostolic theocratic semi-constitutional monarchy with Empress Aleta I acting as head of state, head of government and Supreme Governor of the First Apostolic Church. Tiperyn has been ruled by House Highal since its inception in 1345 with a lineage hearkening back to the 9th century as the dominant family of the Duchy of Tipslan. The Stallings Concordant is Tiperyn's foundational document and lays out the general structure of the Tiperyn government, although the powers of the bodies contained within the structure are largely determined by the sitting Monarch and the lower nobility through the Congress of Nobles.
Tiperyn consists of seven duchies and nine principalities that are subordinate to the Empress and the Grand Duchy of Tipslan. Each division is ruled by a chief executive; typically duke/duchess or prince/princess either unrelated to House Highal or part of a spin-off branch of House Highal, with the exception of Tipslan whose Grand Duchess is also the Empress. Subordinate nobility must pledge their allegiance to the high crown and submit their individual armies to the nation during wartime, and the Empress maintains several armed bodies to guard against the threat of armed revolt from the lower nobility.
Classes of governance
Monarch and Regaliate
- Main article: Monarchy of Tiperyn
The Tiperyn monarch carries the title of Empress/Emperor of the Holy Tiperyn Realm and acts as the nation's head of state and head of government. The monarch concurrently holds the title of Grand Duchess/Duke of Tipslan and acts as the Supreme Governor of the First Apostolic Church. Monarchs come exclusively from the Highal family - the only family with a claim to the Grand Duchy of Tipslan throne. The members of the Highal royal family are informally referred to as the Regaliate, a class designation that separates them from the lower nobles of the Nobiliat. As a elective hereditary monarchy, the succession process involves input from several actors, including the royal family, the noble families of the duchies and principalities, and the bishops of the First Apostolic Church.
The process of succession begins when declared by the Archcardinal of the First Apostolic Church that the ruling monarch has passed away or resigned their duties as Emperor or Empress. House Highal produces a list of from 1 to 10 candidates that are eligible for the throne based on the line of succession and who are approved by the Archcardinal of the First Apostolic Church and a majority of the church's Archbishops. The line of succession is enatic, meaning female members of the royal family are first in line for the throne and males may only be eligible if there is no eligible female successor. Thus, succession cohorts of potential candidates for the throne universally come from the same gender when they are formed. This makes male monarchs rare in Tiperyn, with there only being three in its nearly 700 year history. Once the succession cohort is formed, the successor is elected by a cohort of electors derived from the populations of each duchy and principality and voting in line with the opinion of their lower noble rulers in the Congress of Nobles. This includes the Grand Duchy of Tipslan, whose opinion is given by the interim Grand Duchess or Duke of Tipslan—universally the first eligible successor. The process by which the duchy or principality decides which candidate has its vote varies from division to division. For example, the Duke/Duchess of Vitenlan has typically held sole decision-making authority in casting its vote for a successor, whereas the Archlord of the State of Kanaalbaken has based his or her decision upon a vote including a council of 100 respected, estate-owning members of the community. In the event of a tie, the Archbishops of the First Apostolic Church vote to decide the successor. Upon election, the new monarch is immediately granted all concurrent titles dependent on their position as Emperor or Empress. In practice, this election is considered to be a rubber stamp. As House Highal has decision-making authority over how many candidates it submits to the electors, since the 19th century it has only ever sent one candidate—the first in line to the throne. Further, the most populous duchies—Haukvirth and the south-easternly duchies—had traditionally voted in line with House Highal's customs and the vote of the interim Grand Duchess of Tipslan even when multiple candidates were considered.
Once in power, the monarch holds broad and significant executive powers. While in practice, the monarch has delegated daily governance to the Cabinet of Cardinals chaired by the Archcardinal, it has the authority to override decisions made by the ministries and unilaterally implement policy. In practice, the Empress has served as the face of the realm government and the First Apostolic Church, and has set the direction of the government for her cardinals to follow. The monarch appoints the Cabinet of Cardinals, who are then responsible with leading individual ministries. Additionally, the monarch chairs the Noble Congress, using it as a platform to mediate disputes between subordinate noble families, impose the royal family's outlook, and maintain Tiperyn's system of nobility. Additionally, the monarch uses it to maintain control of the Realm Guard, whose infantry, armor, air, and support regiments are subordinate to noble families and the governments of the duchies, principalities and states.
Although the monarch has been the Supreme Governor of the First Apostolic Church since the union of the realm and the church in 1540, the institution of the First Apostolic Church has traditionally been a check on the monarch's power. The church is an institution with significant power and influence in Tiperyn society. The monarch derives much of their power from the support of the church, asserting the monarch has a divine right to rule the Holy Realm. Additionally, the church maintains a large paramilitary organization dubbed the Holy Guard (Tipsprek: Hilligeskyld). The organization, composed of over 1 million members, was founded in the late 17th century to counter a coup d'état carried out by a number of powerful duchies and their Realm Guard regiments. This organization pledges its allegiance to the Empress as the Supreme Governor of the church, but the church's bishops, archbishops and the Cardinal of Values hold practical control of the organization. Further, under certain circumstances, the church's Archbishops may convene at the request of the Archcardinal to pass a motion of no-confidence in the Empress' leadership as the Supreme Governor of the church. Although this has never happened, the body can remove the Empress from her position as the head of the church. Although this does not directly remove her from the throne, it is suggested that the monarch would abdicate, losing the support of the church.
As a result, every reigning monarch of Tiperyn has espoused values consistent with the First Apostolic Church and implemented policy friendly to the institution. This has included the persecution and suppression of Tiperyn's polytheistic Goidelic population, the expansion of the role of the Holy Guard as civil religious police, and the promotion of beliefs held by the church's most extreme leaders.
The Nobiliat is Tiperyn's class of lower nobles who typically act as the heads of state of sub-national jurisdictions outside of the royal family's Grand Duchy from the municipal to provincial level. Entry into the Nobiliat is typically hereditary, although in some jurisdictions membership can be conferred unto a member of the untitled gentry who has served as a regimental commander in the Realm Guard or purchased a warrant and eligible land title within their home jurisdiction. The divisions in which this is a valid means of ascending to the Nobiliat are multi-level elective monarchies, with ascent being a prerequisite to being registered on as an eligible candidate. Thus, nobles who lack titles in elective duchies are largely equivalent to the gentry of hereditary divisions. Eligible noblepeople who actively rule a jurisdiction (typically at the municpal-level and higher) represent themselves at the Congress of Nobles. The Congress serves as a forum for the states to discuss matters of inter-state policy and for the Empress, or her representative, to dictate federal policy to the states. The body serves the function of advising the Empress on state matters, as well as providing the Empress with a picture of states' opinions on policy. Additionally, when the sitting federal monarch vacates, whether by death or abdication, the Congress of Nobles convenes to elect the new monarch from a list of eligible hiers provided by the Tiperyn royal family.
The Secretariat is a general term for bureacracy in Tiperyn, responsible for providing advice to members of the Nobiliat; executing the intent of the Nobiliat by drafting decrees, regulations, and memos; and directly implementing policy. The Secretariat class was constituted during the reign of Empress Yda I in the late 18th century as a means of placating the untitled gentry (a class of wealthy, educated Tiperyn citizens who lacked major land titles to qualify them as part of the Nobiliat but commanded a fair amount of economic power) by reducing the relative power of the nobility and royals who directly rule all levels of government. Most direct-entry members of the Secretariat are the offspring of former members of the Secretariat or untitled gentry with the social connections and wealth to place their children in lucrative tertiary learning programs with direct pathways into the civil service. Eighty-two percent of lower classes with no legacy who have joined the Secretariat class did so via military qualification in technical trades, usually attained as part of their conscription term.
At the lowest levels, municipal bureacrats plan the execution of policies drafted by the managing municipal Secretariat and approved by the Lord-Mayor. In some municipalities, a Mayor-Secretary (part of the Secretariat appointed by the local bureacracy) acts in parallel to a Lord-Mayor (part of the Nobiliat, usually owning a significant amount of land in their city or commanding a consensus among the gentry or possessing a mandate to lead from a superior noble). In this case, the Mayor-Secretary usually acts as a city-manager and advises the Lord-Mayor, who leads the jurisdiction and sets the tone of governance. Meanwhile, at the highest levels, the Cabinet of Cardinals is the highest echelon of the Secretariat class. It consists of federal ministers, termed Cardinals, who lead the offices that manage Tiperyn's affairs, implements federal policy, and advises the monarch on matters relevent to their field. For example, the Cardinal of War and Crisis leads the Secretariat responsible for military affairs and disaster response. Another is the Secretariat on Jurisprudence, which encompasses Tiperyn's criminal and civil court system, while the Secretariat on Values administers the religious court system. The highest ranking member of the Secretariat class is the Archcardinal, who chairs the Cabinet of Cardinals. The Archcardinal is directly appointed by the monarch and is considered to be the nation's head of government.
|Office||Current Cardinal||Roles and Responsibilties|
|Archsecretariat||Kain Lowham||The Archcardinal is the Chair of the Cabinet of Cardinals, setting the overall direction of federal policy to implement the monarch's strategic vision and coordinating the activaties of multiple secretariats. The Archsecretariat essentially acts as the personal office of the Archcardinal, responsible for converting strategic imperatives dictated by the monarch into policy directives for delivery to the lower secretariats. The Archsecretariat also organizes the meeting of the Cabinet of Cardinals and supports it with facilities.
The Archsecretariat also includes the Directorate on Revenue, which sets federal tax policy and allocates a budget to each secretariat, directorate, other federal institutions, and divisional governments based on need and the overall policy priorities set by the Archcardinal. The Directorate on Revenue, despite being a sub-office, is larger than some federal secretariats in manpower.
Foreign relations, including the direct representation of the monarch's government via a national foreign minister, ambassadors, and consulars, is maintained by the Directorate on Missions. This sub-office maintains all of Tiperyn's embassies and consulates and trains all of its diplomats.
|Secretariat on War and Crisis||Georgia Seiter||Responsible for administering the Tiperyn Realm Defence, local law enforcement and emergency response services when they are federalized during times of war or crisis (e.g. public disorder, natural disasters, etc). The secretariat includes several sub-offices.
The Directorate on the Fleet is the chair of the Admiralty Board and administers the Realm Armada and its sub-branches. The office is currently held by Katherine Rijnder, the highest ranking admiral in the Realm Armada.
The Directorate on the Aero Service is the chair of the Air Council and administers the Realm Aero Service. The office is currently held by Klaes Zylstra, the highest ranking general in the Realm Aero Service.
The Directorate on Special Missions is Tiperyn's primary foreign intelligence-gathering office, cooperating with the Archsecretariat's Directorate on Missions and the Secretariat on War and Crisis.
|Secretariat on Works||Raik Viersma||Responsible for major federal infrastructure projects; mining projects; maintaining the national energy grid, public housing, roads, non-municipal ports, airport, and railways; and setting standards and regulations for building.|
|Secretariat on Examinations||Oke Jenssen||Responsible for managing the manpower of the Secretariat class (civil service and bureaucracy) at all levels of government, including entry and selection standards.|
|Secretariat on Commerce||Charles Everleigh||Responsible for regulating Tiperyn's banking system, monetary policy, setting tariffs on certain imports (cooperating with the Directorate on Revenue), negotiating trade deals with foreign powers, and promoting Tiperyner national enterprise abroad.|
|Secretariat on Jurisprudence||Francis Rayden||Responsible for maintaining Tiperyn's federal court system; federal civil law enforcement agencies; and defining the boundaries in rights, duties and limitiations of the varying levels of civil and noble law enforcement as per Tiperyn's founding document. The secretariat shares domestic intelligence gathering functions with the Secretariat on Values.|
|Secretariat on Values||Gerit Bergsma||Responsible for managing Tiperyn's churches; enforcing Apostolic law via religious law enforcement; regulating Tiperyn's radio and television broadcasts; maintaining the postal service; ensuring the loyalty of the military to the royal government by attaching royal law enforcement to military units; and running Tiperyn's educational system at all levels. The secretariat shares domestic intelligence gathering functions with the Secretariat on Jurisprudence.|
The Holy Realm of Tiperyn is divided into 22 administrative divisions subordinate to the royal government and varying in power. These include seven duchies, nine principalities, one state and three realm territories. An additional two realm dominions are part of the Realm, but are governed by local dominion governments. The Grand Duchy of Tipslan serves as the seat of the Holy Tiperyn Realm, with its Grand Duchess serving concurrently as the monarch of Tiperyn.
(Transliterated Native Name)
|Capital||State Language||Pop.||Area||Pop. Density (pop/km2)|
|Grand Duchy of Tipslan
(Gruthartokdom fan Tipslan)
(103,543 sq mi)
|Duchy of Idlerein
(Hartokdom fan Idleren)
(107,809 sq mi)
|Duchy of Vitenlan
(Hartokdom fan Vitenlan)
(173,447 sq mi)
|Duchy of Zoervoud
(Hartokdom fan Zoervoud)
(179,904 sq mi)
|Principality of Eastrein
(Prinsdom fan Eastren)
(15,447 sq mi)
|Principality of Hindelvega
(Prinsdom fan Hindelvega)
(3,311 sq mi)
|Principality of Rote
(Prinsdom fan Rot)
(5,869 sq mi)
|Principality of Buitenvoud
(Prinsdom fan Butenvoude)
(8,156 sq mi)
|Principality of Oosterkoop
(Prinsdom fan Osterkop)
(16,573 sq mi)
|Principality of Steinsen
(Prinsdom fan Stensen)
(7,104 sq mi)
|Duchy of Haukvirth||Haukvirth||Anglic||4,250,260
(91,081 sq mi)
|Principality of Spencton||Spencton||Anglic||5,031,075||32,375 km2
(12,500 sq mi)
|Duchy of Poc'her
(Dugelezh a Poc'hêr)
(106,564 sq mi)
|Duchy of Rosraig
(Diucacht na Rosraig)
|Solas Canala||Goidelic||17,165,430||321,450 km2
(124,113 sq mi)
|Principality of Darimh
(Prionsacht na Darimh)
(18,321 sq mi)
|Principality of Grootshaven
(Vorstendom van Grootshaven)
(7,075 sq mi)
|State of Kanaalbaken
(Staat van Kanaalbaken)
(3,504 sq mi)
|Total (Domestic):||296,180,979||2,548,550 km2
(984,001 sq mi)
|Realm Dominion of Nasiria||Nasir||Aravan; Tipsprek||22,932,728||316,800 km2
(122,300 sq mi)
|Realm Dominion of Ellora||Shatrunjaya||Gujarati; Tipsprek||65,321||812 km2
(314 sq mi)
|Realm City of Chimchag||Tipsprek; Kayaese||11,990,000||2,200 km2
(849 sq mi)
|Realm Viceroyalty of Eureka||Eureka||Tipsprek||26,500||105,725 km2
(40,821 sq mi)
|Realm Viceroyalty of Richmond Islands||Richmond||Anglic||347||8,675 km2
(3,349 sq mi)
|Total (Overseas):||42,008,136||441,637 km2
(170,517 sq mi)
Duchies, principalities and states
The core constituent states of Tiperyn are its mainland duchies and principalities, all of which are located on mainland Goidelia. Although subordinate to the federal government of Tiperyn and subject to its rulings in many respects, these constituent states have a large degree of autonomy in their administration with the exception of the ethnically Goidelic duchies of Poc'her and Rosraig and the principality of Darimh in Tiperyn's west. Each constituent state is ruled by a lower noble from a noble family that has either sworn allegiance to House Highal or is a spin-off house. This is the case for the Duchies of Idlerein and Vitenlan who are ruled by families related to House Highal. Each state has one chief executive, typically holding the title of Duchess or Duke for duchies or Princess or Prince for principalities. There are two exceptions. First is the Grand Duchy of Tipslan, where the chief executive is titled the Grand Duchess or Duke and is also Tiperyn's monarch. The second is the State of Kanaalbaken, which is ruled by an Archlord.
The succession process varies from state to state. Generally, the succession process of the duchies and principalities mirrors that of Tiperyn, with matrilinear succession being the most common system. However, 4 states adhere to a system of absolute cognatic primogeniture whereby the eldest child of the monarch is favored regardless of gender. The State of Kanaalbaken is unique in that its succession is determined by an election every 10 years from a pool of powerful aristocrats from noble families. Only the wealthy and educated are permitted to vote in the election. The anomaly that is Kanaalbaken's political system was likely the result of relative isolation, cultural differences between the Oostlands and the Tipslansk, and the relative late entry of the Oostlands states into the Holy Realm when compared to the rest of the states.
Each state sends their chief executive as a representative on the Congress of Nobles, although a representative in line to the lower throne (or a designated officer in the case of Kanaalbaken) is typically sent during normal operation. The Congress serves as a forum for the states to discuss matters of inter-state policy and for the Empress, or her representative, to dictate federal policy to the states. The body serves the function of advising the Empress on state matters, as well as providing the Empress with a picture of states' opinions on policy. The states of Tiperyn are unique in the amount of autonomy they have within the federation. The lower noble families that administer duchies and principalities often marry into other families or foreign royal and aristocratic families. Although states no longer send envoys, consuls or ambassadors to foreign countries independent of the federal Holy Realm ambassador, states do send envoys between other states in a system that mirrors federal diplomacy abroad. However, Tiperyn is not a confederation and states are not sovereign despite the autonomy they enjoy. Although the federal government typically chooses to make concessions to the state to maintain order and keep the favor of the lower nobility who have considerable influence, the rulings of the Empress and the Cabinet of Cardinals legally overrule any state-level ruling.
Tiperyn currently administers 5 overseas territories at 3 levels of autonomy. These levels are the Realm Dominion, Realm Viceroyalty, and Realm City.
Realm Dominions are semi-autonomous polities that are administered through local governance under terms laid out in Articles of Dominion and under the advice of a Governor-General. A Governor-General is a Realm Guard flag officer and member of the noble class appointed by the Empress to act as her representative to a Dominion. If a Dominion is the site of an active armed conflict, the Governor-General has enhanced powers in certain areas, such as national security, law enforcement and the military. Although officially Realm Dominions are considered to be permanent components of the Holy Realm, some scholars believe that the status has been used in the past as an intermediary between Viceroyalty status and full independence during Tiperyn's de-colonization period. This was the case for the Tiperyn part of Arroyo-Abeille. The states of Ellora and Nasiria are currently Realm Dominions, of which Nasiria had been a Viceroyalty until 1959.
Realm Viceroyalties are territories under the administration of the monarch through a Viceroy. Depending on the size and importance of the Viceroyalty, the Viceroy—also known as a Governor-General—is a flag officer in the Realm Guard and member of the noble class. Viceroys have a degree of freedom in the delegation or devolution of power to local governance, but unlike in Realm Dominions Viceroys are always the head of government of the Viceroyalty. The Richmond Islands and Eureka are Realm Viceroyalties. The majority of Tiperyn's colonial possessions, especially prior to decolonization in the 19th century, were Viceroyalties.
Realm Cities are cities under the administration of the monarch through a Mayor, appointed by the Empress, and a Colonel in the Realm Guard through a power-sharing agreement. Realm Cities can be independent of any Viceroyalty or Dominion, as is Chimchag City on the Kayan Peninsula. The city of Naser in Naseristan, as another example, is administered as a Realm City, but is technically subordinate to the Realm Dominion of Naseristan.
- See more: Foreign relations of Tiperyn
Tiperyn maintains diplomatic relations with most countries in the world - with the exception of Airgialla - and is a leading member of the intergovernmental organization the North-South Concordant. Tiperyn's relations are largely dictated by relationships formed during its colonial period and the early 20th century. Although its territorial reach has decreased from when Tiperyn was a colonial power prior to the turn of the 20th century, many academics argue that its relative power has increased through its alliances and expeditionary military capability. Tiperyn is considered a great power in world affairs. Formal diplomatic relations are primarily maintained by the Archsecretariat's Directorate on Missions.
Tiperyn mandates five years of civil service for all citizen adults who are not currently undertaking secondary or tertiary education. There are multiple streams of civil service that may be undertaken. The streams include military service in the Tiperyn Realm Defence, theological service within the First Apostolic Church or Holy Guard, service as a law enforcement officer, or service as a bureaucrat or government employee at the duchy or federal levels. Education completed as pre-requisite to complete a civil service stream typically qualifies as time spent in a service (such as education to become a priest or priestess). Typically, religious service as clergy in the First Apostolic Church is restricted to citizens who undertake theological preparations during the second phase of their secondary education. If an individual undertakes theological service within the First Apostolic Church, that service is generally automatically assumed to continue as their life career. Service as a bureaucrat or government employee (including positions ranging from council sanitation worker and tax inspector to civil engineer) typically requires additional certifications that can be gained during secondary education or vocational training. Conscripted military service in the Realm Guard or Holy Guard have the fewest pre-requisites of the main streams, open to even adults who have not completed their mandatory phase of secondary education. All streams of civil service, including military service, have the option of voluntary continuation as a career. Civil service careers have an approximately 42% 10-year retention rate, although conscripted military service has a far lower retention rate at 10%.
Placement in a civil service stream largely depends on pre-requisite qualifications and secondary education or higher education rankings. Theological service in the First Apostolic Church and service as a government employee are broadly considered the most selective service streams due to their requirement for additional civilian education, while military service in the Realm Guard or Holy Guard are considered the least selective with no educational pre-requisites. Generally acceptance into a service is determined by federal ministries. For example, the Secretariat of Values regulates the intake of theological civil servants while the Secretariat of Works regulates the intake of public engineers. Selection to service in the military is typically thought of as guaranteed unless the applicant should be disqualified due to physical or mental disability.
- Main article: Tiperyn Realm Defence
The Tiperyn Realm Defence are the military forces of the Holy Tiperyn Realm. It is divided into three main service branches, a paramilitary branch, and a gendamerie branch. The primary service branches include the Realm Guard, Realm Armada, and Realm Aero Service. The paramilitary branch is the Holy Guard, which the Realm Defence shares joint command over with the First Apostolic Church. Lastly, the Crown Vigilance Corps is Tiperyn's federal gendamerie and is primarily implemented as police in the capital, government buildings, and as highway patrol. The Tiperyn Realm Defence is among the largest national militaries in the world, consisting of 1.04 million active duty, 1.54 million reserve duty, and 1.04 million paramilitary personnel.
The Realm Armada and Realm Aero Service are represented on the Cabinet of Cardinals by the highest ranking officer in each respective branch appointed by the Empress - the Cardinal of the Fleet and the Cardinal of the Aero Service respectively. These two branches are considered federal branches, drawing on the national population at large and being under the direct authority of the federal government and the monarch. Meanwhile, the Realm Guard is represented by the Cardinal of War who heads the Secretariat of War and Crisis. Unlike the Cardinal of the Fleet or the Cardinal of the Aero Service, the Cardinal of War is a civilian position. Because individual Realm Guard regiments are formed, managed, and operated under the authority of individual duchy, principality, and state governments, the Cardinal of War coordinates the federalization of the Realm Guard and its operations. The Holy Guard and Crown Vigilance Corps are under the authority of the Secretariat of Values. This secretariat is innately connected to the First Apostolic Church, and the two branches are charged with enforcing Apostolic law, deterring resistance against or seizure of the state, and enforce criminal law. The Holy Guard and Crown Vigilance Corps are composed entirely of paramilitary and reserve duty personnel respectively.
Each active service branch plays a different role in Tiperyn's defense strategy. The Realm Armada acts as Tiperyn's primary expeditionary and naval warfare service branch. With a history steeped in a rich tradition as a naval colonial power, Tiperyn's navy has the most active duty personnel of any branch and is the one most often deployed in response to conflict or humanitarian needs. The Realm Armada consists of the High Seas Fleet, Fleet Auxiliary, Fleet Air Service and Fleet Expeditionary. Its non-nuclear supercarriers and amphibious assault ships allow for the rapid deployment of land and air forces. The Realm Defence concentrates the majority of its fixed-wing close air support capability into the Realm Armada, as its aircraft carrying capability makes it ideally suited for operations outside of its network of military bases and military partners. Because of its integration into the Realm Armada, the Fleet Expeditionary acts as Tiperyn's expeditionary ground force, supported directly by Realm Armada aircraft, helicopters and ships. Fleet Expeditionaries are typically the first Tiperyn soldiers deployed to combat zones, as was the case with the current Nasiria crisis.
By contrast, the Realm Guard is composed of regiments under the authority of duchy, principality and state governments that may be federalized by the realm government in times of crisis. As Realm Guard soldiers are recruited and assigned to units within their own province, the Realm Armada—which usually has strategic command over combat zones—has been hesitant to utilize Realm Guard units due to them being subordinate to other noble families. Federalization of Realm Guard reserves is also politically costly, while the utilization of the Realm Armada and its marine corps is comparatively easier due to it being an federal branch. However, some units, such as Haukvirth's Mountaineer Regiments, have proven themselves to be aptly suited for the geography currently being fought in by the Realm Defence—particularly the mountains of south Nasiria.
The Realm Aero Service typically does not participate in tactical operations, by contrast. It possesses a modest strategic bombing fleet, but it has gradually been relegated from Tiperyn's primary air service from the 1910s to the 1960s to airlift, bombing, and surveillance. It coordinates with the Realm Armada in the defense of Tiperyn's homeland air space, with 22 air bases stationing 300 Realm Aero Service interceptors. Additionally, since the turn of the 21st century, the Aero Service has assumed more responsibilities with regards to space. The Aero Service absorbed Tiperyn's exploratory and research-based space agency, becoming a driving force in the Concordant Cosmological Mission. Further, the Aero Service is responsible for the maintenance and delivery of 70% of Tiperyn's nuclear arsenal (via medium- to long-range ballistic missiles and bombers), while the Realm Armada is responsible for the remaining 30% (via ballistic missile submarines and carrier-capable interdictor aircraft).
The Tiperyn economy is the third largest in the world and second largest in Artemia with a gross domestic product (PPP) of $5.4 trillion in 2020. Tiperyn is considered a great economic power with a burgeoning service sector economy gradually supplanting a strong export economy based on manufactured goods, raw materials, automobiles, and aerospace components. Tiperyn is a middle-income country with a nascent middle class that has formed as result of state investment in high-skill vocational education and critical infrastructure, the growth of middle- and high-income industries, diversification, and boosts to the production of consumer goods for domestic consumption. Over the past 10 years, Tiperyn's real gross domestic production growth has averaged at 5.2%, owing primarily to action in these areas. Tiperyn's burgeoning service sector economy has been bolstered by a rapid expansion of its metropolitan areas—particularly in the southeast duchies and Haukvirth—and middle class. Services surpassed industry as Tiperyn's largest sector for the first time in 1998, with its largest service industries being health care, financial services, housing, transport and education. With the rise of the middle class and bloating of the upper class, luxury goods spending has ballooned in kind since the 1980s. Manufacturing still forms the backbone of Tiperyn's exports, however, with aircraft, automobile, parts, and farming equipment manufacturing being among its highest valued exports.
Construction services have also grown substantially over the past several decades, supported both by rapid domestic urbanization as well as foreign infrastructure projects, such as the North-South Concordant-backed project to construct a freight navigable canal and high-speed rail network through Albaterra and SiWallqanqa to open up previously inaccessible markets. The extraction of raw materials brings in less income, with central Tiperyn mining communities extracting an excess of iron, brown coal, copper and lithium. Much of the brown coal in particular is used to feed Tiperyn's power grid, while iron, copper, and lithium—in addition to being heavily exported—feed domestic industry. Agriculture is a relatively insignificant sector in the Tiperyn economy, with large-scale industrial agriculture confined mostly to the western Goidelic-dominant states of Rosraig, Poc'her and Darimh. The exception is cattle, with there being a handful of factory farms and large cattle ranch spread throughout the ethnically Tipslansk regions. Tiperyn is a net importer of foodstuffs.
Many of Tiperyn's industries are state-owned or partially state-owned. Sectors that are viewed to be vital to the nation, such as health care, education, utilities, energy, mining, housing management, and defence are almost entirely state-owned. Meanwhile, major exporters, such as Ares Aerospace and Oermakt are privately administered but partially stated-owned with a non-controlling stake, the official rationale being that significant state investment may insulate these manufacturers from volatile markets and allow them to take greater risk. Small cottage industries and family-owned businesses have historically been private ventures, although in all but remote rural areas they often have to compete with state-owned enterprises (such as public groceries) that sometimes engage in predatory pricing practices. In recent years, however, a wave of privatization has swept through some industries, while completely new private industries have arisen as the Tiperyn government has sought to diversify, encourage investment and convert its economy from low-middle income to high-income in the long-term. The largest example of this privatization was the construction sector where the ban on privately-owned construction firms was lifted in 2004, although a number of state-owned construction firms still operate (primarily in the states of Tipslan and Idlerein). Further, along with Tiperyn's rapid economic expansion following the stagnation of the interwar and Kesh War periods came a nascent financial services industry which is now one of the largest in the North-South Concordant (albeit dwarfed by equivalent the equivalent Legantine sector).
Poverty overall has fallen in Tiperyn by about 30% since 1980, although income inequality remains rampant and over half of Tiperyn citizens make under $10,000 per year. Estimations of Tiperyn's potential economic growth in certain areas such as Tipslan, Idlerein and Haukvirth are positive, especially given Tiperyn's youth bulge—a result of declining infant mortality rates—a relatively low dependency ratio, and consistent government investment in critical infrastructure and new business in these areas. However, the threat of civil unrest of its western regions, institutional discrimination, income inequality, and the dominance of other western Artemian states in sectors the Tiperyn government has been seeking to push itself into are considered to be significant barriers to growth.
Class and income inequality
The lower class, defined as individuals making an annual income below $10,000, is the largest class in Tiperyn at about 169 million people, or 57% of the population. However, Tiperyn also has a sizeable and growing middle class. When defined as an annual individual income of between $10,000 and $60,000, approximately 115 million citizens—or about 39% of the population—were middle class as of 2020. This was a nearly 50% increase when adjusted for population growth compared to 1980. However, Tiperyn's income inequality is among the most pronounced and persistent cases in Artemia and the world. It has the highest level of income out of the three founding NSC states—Tiperyn, Kaya and Agrana y Griegro with a Gini coefficient of 52.8. In 2020, the bottom 20% only held 3% of the nation's wealth at an average annual income of $2,720 per person while the top 20% held 61% for an average annual income of $55,297. The top 1% meanwhile held 40% of the nation's wealth, translated to average annual incomes of $725,200. Although inequality is a pervasive issue throughout the country, there are two significant income divides: that between rural and urban areas and that between ethnically Tipslansk or Anglic areas and ethnically Goidelic areas.
While nationally 57% of the population is lower class, this figure is as high as 80% in the largely Goidelic duchies of western Tiperyn. Of Tiperyn's 169 million lower class, 13% are Goidelic despite being only 8% of the national population. Further Goidelics make up approximately a quarter of the bottom 25% of incomes. Upward socio-economic mobility is comparatively poor for the Goidelic population. There are strict and limited quotas placed on the number of Goidelics that can enter university and areas which Goidelic citizens are confined to through housing segregation are comparatively underdeveloped. The largest industry in the Duchy of Rosraig, for example, is agriculture, which is the smallest sector of the Tiperyn economy, one of its least profitable and one in which it is a net importer. Further, Goidelic duchies have little in the way of autonomy as their administration is carried out directly by the Empress and her cabinet as their ruling noble families either abdicated or were exiled in the late 16th century following the First Goidelic Seccession. Meanwhile, ethnically Tipslansk and Anglic areas have seen far higher levels of investment and upward mobility—particularly areas in and around the metropolitan areas of the southern Tipslansk duchies and Haukvirth. This has garnered harsh criticism internationally as evidence of Tiperyn's deep institutional racism and is among of the primary causes of the ongoing Goidelic Insurrection.
Tiperyn's highest value exports are its manufactured goods. Topping the list is aircraft, with Ares Aerospace being the country's largest single exporter. Following in manufacturing exports is automobile manufacturing (Oermakt being the largest exporter in this sector), vehicle parts, farming equipment, and integrated circuits. Shipbuilding is also a significant heavy industry, although this sector has declined over the past 2 decades. In the way of primary sector goods (raw materials), Tiperyn is a net exporter of iron, lignite (brown coal), copper, and lithium although these are lower value when compared to the country's manufactured goods. Tiperyn also exports natural gas and refined petroleum, although it is a net importer of these goods. Overall Tiperyn is a net exporter of a handful of agricultural products, including potatoes, certain engineered corn species, sugar beet, meats and dairy product. However, by and large Tiperyn is a net importer of agricultural products and foodstuffs.
Due to its size and economic activity, Tiperyn is among the world's largest importers rivalled in this metric primarily by other large economies such as Legantus and Kaya. Tiperyn trades in the open global market generally, although it imposes relatively heavy tariffs on imports from certain members of the Pan-Artemian Coalition and ECOSEAS. It maintains preferential trade agreements and tariff rates with all member states of the North-South Concordant, many of these deals and rates being facilitated or mediated by the North-South Concordant Consortium (NSCC). This body also mediates and facilitates deal with non-member state associates. The most notable example is the shipbuilding import and export relationship between Tiperyn and Chezzetcook, a neutral NSCC associate, which was largely negotiated through the NSCC at various points in time.
Tiperyn is a major importer of oil, foodstuffs, intermediate manufactured goods, certain minerals, and mining products. Although Tiperyn does harvest significant amounts of natural gas from its offshore gas fields off its western shoreline, the country has also been a net importer of natural gas since 2001. This has been due to population growth, uncertainty stemming from its dispute with Airgialla over economic exclusivity over said fields, and a string of largely failed exploration attempts. Oil imports have also increased dramatically since the 1980s to meet increased domestic demand, largely sparked by the rapid expansion of Tiperyn's middle class and major investment into road infrastructure. Most of its oil and gas imports originate from its Realm Dominions—semi-autonomous protectorates—with Tiperyn energy companies having massive presences in these countries. The most significant example is Nasiria, a Realm Dominion in North Kesh that derives the majority of its export income from oil and gas. Jungastia is also a major energy trade partner with Tiperyn, with the latter importing large amounts of oil and gas from Jungastian firm Petrostado.
In terms of raw materials, Tiperyn imports significant amounts of aluminium, uranium, lithium, precious metals, gems and silica. Uranium imports from Kaya in particular have grown substantially with the opening and planned opening of several new nuclear power plants to supplement and eventually replace Tiperyn's power supply which is currently heavily reliant on its brown coal power plants.
Sport became an increasingly important part of Tiperyn society and popular culture from the early 20th century onwards. The most popular and financially successful sports in Tiperyn include association football, rugby, stock car racing, boxing, and—in Haukvirth—indoor hockey. Winter sports such as skiing, bobsled racing, and the biatholon are popular in the mountainous regions of Haukvirth. A large majority of Tiperyn secondary schools with over 500 students and all universities have an association football team that compete in regional leagues. Swimming, track & field, rugby, tennis, badminton, and archery are also common secondary school sports. Approximately 60% of Tiperyn secondary schools list participation in sport as a requirement for those medically able. Parallel to school sport, most sports have youth associations that allow children to compete in age-based leagues that run during school football's off season. Association football is the largest example of this, with some 20% of Tiperyn children being members of an association football league. These leagues are typically run by local and duchy government, although advised and funded by the Bureau of Recreation under the Secretariat of Values. Adult association football team are also common, with each city usually having a team that feeds into larger regional teams that compete on the national level. The duchy teams are members of the Realm Football Council—Tiperyn's governing body for association football under the administration of the Bureau of Recreation. It is tradition for the Empress of Tiperyn to attend the Grand Duchy of Tipslan's first game as well as the finals to bless the medallions presented to the winners. Tiperyn's national association football team—whose composition is decided upon annually based on performance statistics from the duchy teams—is among the better performing in the world, tied 7th for first-place finishes with Kaya in the AIFA Anterran Cup.
|Date||Name||Anglicized Tipsprek Name||Remarks|
|1 January||Name Giving Feast||Namejouvingfeest||Commemorates the circumcision of Jesus Christ.|
|22 February||Danijela's Feast||Danijelasfeest||Commemorates the Nativity of Saint Danijela, a martryr in Apostolicism.|
|14 March — 20 March||Holy Week||Guodeviek||The week leading up to Easter.|
|21 March||Easter||Peaske||Commemorates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Tiperyn Easter is unique in the Christian world as it falls on the Spring Equinox rather than the first Sunday after the Paschal full moon. Easter essentially replaced a feast commemorating the vernal equinox that dated back to antiquity in both Goetic and Goidelic culture.|
|29 June||Day of Humility||Dimenensdei||Commemorates the crucifixion of Saint Peter. A solemn day, emphasising values of humility and human inferiority to Mother, Son, and Holy Spirit.|
|22 July||Magdalena's Feast||Magdalanfeest||Commemorates the Nativity of Mary Magdalena|
|8 September||Mary's Feast||Marijsfeest||Commemorates the Nativity of the Virgin Mary.|
|25 October||Empress Day||Keizerinedei||Celebrates the sitting Empress Aleta's birthday.|
|14 November||Black Autumn||Svartehyerst||Commemorates the assassination of Empress Atina III in 1571, the only Tiperyn Empress to be assassinated.|
|21 December||Armistice Day||Vapenstilstandei||Commemorates the end of the Grand Campaigns. Large military parades are held, highlighting Tiperyn nationalism and anti-Goidel sentiment.|
|25 December||Christmas||Krystid||Commemorates the Nativity of Jesus Christ.|
Gender and sex
In many ways, the laws and norms surrounding gender, sex, sexual intercourse and sexuality in Tiperyn are heavily influenced by the dogma of the First Apostolic Church. Although, in other ways, norms regarding sexuality and gender are ingrained in Tiperyn culture regardless of whether they are included in canonical law. Additionally, some norms have been cited as the result of an intertwining of historic Goidel and Goetic practices, with the state religion simply being an intervening variable.
Tiperyn and Goidel culture are particularly matriarchal when compared to the rest of the Western Artemia excluding Agrana y Griegro. Society in Tiperyn largely values the dominant female role in public leadership, stemming from their traditional roles as the centre of the matriarchal family system, source of life, and equal contributors in terms of labor. Tiperyn was one of the first countries to allow females to serve in the military, especially in combat roles, and has only ever had one male monarch. The ancient Goidel queendoms and Tipslansk monarchs the preceded the foundation of the Tiperyn Realm in the 14th century were mostly, but not all, enatic in their succession. It is believed that this matriarchal culture, which pre-dated the existence of the First Apostolic Church and the widespread practice of Marianism on the subcontinent, heavily influenced the canonical law and attitude with regards to gender. The Tiperyn monarch, actually the Grand Duchess of the politically dominant Duchy of Tipslan, claims to be the direct descendent of Mary Magdalene who is considered the symbolic founder of the church. This stems from the notion that a person's essence or soul is transferred through the mother's side of the family. It is for this reason that, while both parties to a marriage keep their birth surname, the offspring take their mother's surname. This practice directly influenced a line of succession that prioritizes female heirs, with the religious justification coming later when the Tiperyn Realm transformed into the Holy Tiperyn Realm governed by state religion in 1405. While perhaps more historically egalitarian with regards to male and female gender than the remainder of Western Artemia, advances in civil rights in liberal democracies have largely closed the gap. In the 21st century, restrictions on other civil rights that affect males and females equally largely overshadows relative gender equity. Many social and political commentators have posited that despite being a matriarchal society, Tiperyn women are less free than women in almost any other part of Western Artemia.
In Tiperyn society, there is no distinction between gender and sex outside of academic circles in metropolitan areas. The concept of transgender remains a taboo in Tiperyn culture—although less so in Goidel culture—and is of questionable legality canonically. While the subject is rarely talked about, and has never been mentioned by a Tiperyn monarch or Archcardinal, it is not explicitly outlawed. Still, opinions of it vary from area to area, with some more liberal metropolitan sects of Apostolicism being more open to male-to-female transgenderism. Although seen by some conservatives as a symptom of sexual deviancy, the more mainstream view of transgenderism is as a sin of unnatural envy or mental incompetency. The former logic is primarily applied to male-to-female gender transition, as it is viewed by the clergy as an attempt to bypass the canon's view of matrilinear communion. The latter logic is applied to both male-to-female and female-to-male gender transition, as the concepts of gender dysphoria and gender fluidity are not widely acknowledged. This general culture surrounding transgenderism can often create dangerous situations for transgender individuals, with there being far higher rates of violence—especially sexual violence—against them over cisgender individuals. Still, being transgender is not a criminal offence in Tiperyn. In about half of duchies male-to-female hormone replacement therapy and gender reassignment surgery is legal. Canonically, there is less of a stigma surrounding the feminization of men. This is due to the reasoning behind the act of circumcision, which is canonically mandated and performed on virtually all Tiperyn newborns. Circumcision, while seen as a means of ridding the man of excess and punish them for any future sexual deviance, is also done to feminise him to prepare him for his spiritual marriage to God (who is symbolically male) during baptism. Meanwhile, female-to-male hormone therapy is only legal in the Duchy of Tipslan and this form of gender reassignment surgery is forbidden within the Tiperyn medical industry. The acceptance of re-gendering official documents varies from duchy to duchy, largely in line with the legality of gender reassignment surgery in that duchy. In duchies that allow re-gendering from male to female or female to male, there is usually a requirement for gender reassignment surgery to be undergone and there is no distinction between transgender and cisgender individuals legally.
Meanwhile, the concept of intersex is not recognized in Tiperyn and is not known by many. At birth, newborns who do not fit the typical description of male or female are legally required to be surgically aligned to either male or female at the doctor's discretion and without the consent of the family. Non-binary gender identities are similarly not recognized in Tiperyn, with this preference having no bearing on legal classifications.
Intercourse and sexuality
Sexual intercourse before marriage is a sin (fornication) and is outlawed under canonical law. While this law, mandating abstinence before marriage, has not been enforced in nearly a century, it heavily influences the culture around sex and sex education in Tiperyn. Education on sex is limited to the biology of reproduction in Tiperyn secondary schools, with there being a heavy stigma surrounding the topic. Traditionally and legally, sex is seen as a purely procreative act. Conservative establishment Apostolics view procreation as a service to God first and foremost, while some more liberal interpretations view sexuality itself and pleasure from sex as a gift from God that should be cherished. In metropolitan areas, casual pre-marital sex is becoming more common—particularly among young people with access to online dating applications—although it is typically kept private and not openly discussed due to its legal status.
Certain sexualities are heavily regulated in Tiperyn society. Homosexuality and homosexual intercourse is illegal in Tiperyn punishable by hard labor, although lesbianism is typically not prosecuted. While technically illegal, it is believed that lesbianism does not hold the same stigma as male homosexuality due to the common open practice of lesbianism among pre-Apostolic society in Goidelia. Asexuality by contrast is not a widely discussed or acknowledged topic in Tiperyn. It is not explicitly illegal, partially because clergy have often misinterpreted asexuality as abstinence or restraint in line with Apostolic teachings. Pansexuality and bisexuality, meanwhile, are prosecuted as homosexuality if such relationships involve intercourse with the same sex.
Abortion is illegal in Tiperyn punishable by a mandatory minimum of 25 years of imprisoned labour and up to death under canonical law. This is due to the practice being considered to be a form of infanticide. Most forms of contraception, including birth control and condoms are taboo and illegal nationally due to the dogma that sex is a procreative act. For similar reasons, masturbation is also illegal, although rarely prosecuted except as an additional charge tacked onto the consumption of pornography. Consumption of pornography, on the other hand, is frequently prosecuted. Prostitution is also illegal.
Pedophilia is viewed as socially unacceptable in Tiperyn, with the age of consent set at 16 nationally. The act of sexual intercourse with a minor under the age of 16 is a capital punishment in Tiperyn, with the mandatory punishment being hanging, drawing and quartering (Tiperyn's most harsh legal punishment). Advocacy for pedophilia is also outlawed in Tiperyn, punishable with hard labor.
Rape and sexual violence, particularly against women, is strongly prosecuted in Tiperyn—largely due to the traditional role of women as leaders in the community and the household. Rape is considered to be a capital punishment canonically, punishable by hanging.