Sannlibo

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Republic of Sannlibo

Republikken Sannligbod
Flag of Sannlibo
Flag
of Sannlibo
Coat of arms
Location of  Sannlibo  (dark green) – in Artemia  (green & grey) – in Northern Artemia  (green)
Location of  Sannlibo  (dark green)

– in Artemia  (green & grey)
– in Northern Artemia  (green)

Capital Eridlo
Official languages Sannligs
Recognised national languages
Demonym Sannlig
Government Parlamentarian Republic
• Governor General
Martin Järvinen (SDP)
• Prime Minister
Maria Jansen (PPS)
Legislature Republikken Folketing
Establishment
• First Settlements
Between 4,000 and 2,000 B.C.
• Commonwealth of Sannlibo
ca. 706
• Kingdom of Sannlibo
803
• Dominion of Sannlibo
Between 900 and 1350
• Free Sannlig
1673
• Realm of Sannlibo
1684
• Union of Ringerike and Sannlibo
1926
• Country of Sannlibo
1949
• Republic of Sannlibo
1963
Area
• Total
254,505 km2 (98,265 sq mi)
Population
• 2022 estimate
13,611,945
• Density
53.484/km2 (138.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2022 estimate
• Total
$965.4 billion
• Per capita
$70,924
Gini (2014) 26.5
low
HDI (2021) 0.918
very high
Currency Sannlig Krone (SKR)
Driving side right
ISO 3166 code SL
Internet TLD .sl
Website
www.sannligbod.gov.sl

Sannlibo (Sannligs: Sannligbod, from sannligrbiǫð, lit. meaning Fairfields), officially Republic of Sannlibo (Sannligs: Republikken Sannligbod), is a northern country in central Artemia. The country has a population of 13,611,945 people as of 2022 and an area of 254,505 km². The population density measures about 53.5 inhabitants per km². Sannlibo is bordered by Gardarike (south), the Confederacy of Kotama (east) and Ostboland (south-west) as well as Ringerike through the Skagerrak Strait. The capital, as well as the economical and political center of the country, is the city of Eridlo, which lies in the south-west, cornering the Kapenbjergs.

Sannlibo is a parliamentary democracy with a mixture of a representative and plebiscitarian system. The head of state is called the governor general, currently this is Martin Järvinen (SDP). Prime minister and thereby the head of government is Maria Jansen (PPS), she is also the first female in this position.

Due to the geographical conditions the economy is centered around heavy industry and high technology, complemented with significant mining, fishing and forestry sectors. The economic system is a free market economy with a high emphasis on social welfare. The state also owns parts of key sectors which are considered critical pieces of the infrastructure.

The coastline lies completely at the Boreal Ocean and also marks the northern border of the country. The climate there is mostly rough and cold, even in summers it rarely climbs over 20°C. Also the Boreal Sea at the sannlig coastline is frozen for a third of a year. Generally the winters in Sannlibo are usually considered as quite harsh, especially in the north, while in the southern reaches the winter is more mild and has continental influence. Most parts of the country are covered with large forests, grasslands and lakes. Also the largest share of the country is flat, with the Kapenbjergs mountain range making an exception in the southern flank.

Etymology

The term Sannlibo is the simplified anglic version of the original term Sannligbod, which is derived from the old sannlig word sannligrbiǫð, literally meaning fairfields and referring to the beauty of the country. This came up first in tellings about the arrival of the first settlers, who were supposedly overwhelmed by the countrie's beautiful landscapes or used this term to describe the countryside. Also patriotic tellings used this term to describe the country.

Trough the years the term got simplified into sannligbod, and was later used as a name for the first state-like organisation on the sannlig territory, the Commonwealth of Sannlibo.

The history of the term and but also the use of it, remained a part of the national heritage as well as patriotic tellings.

History

Major parts of this section are going to be revised in the near future

Prehistoric and Ancient History

The history of Sannlibo is deeply rooted in the rugged landscapes and rich cultural traditions of Northern Artemia, with its origins dating back to prehistoric times. While archaeological evidence provides only fragmentary glimpses into this ancient past, it paints a fascinating picture of the early civilizations that once thrived in the region.

Prehistoric Settlements

Prehistoric settlers first arrived in the region that would become Sannlibo over 10,000 years ago, following the retreating glaciers of the last Ice Age. These early inhabitants were hunter-gatherers who relied on the bountiful natural resources of the area, including pristine forests, abundant wildlife, and fertile lands.

Over millennia, these nomadic groups gradually transitioned into settled communities. Evidence of their existence can be found in the form of ancient burial mounds, stone circles, and primitive tools discovered across Sannlibo's territory. These artifacts speak to the cultural and spiritual practices of these early peoples.

Arrival of Celtic and Germanic Tribes

During the Iron Age, Celtic and Geudic tribes began migrating into the region, bringing with them advanced metallurgical skills and distinct linguistic and cultural traditions. These newcomers established hillforts and settlements, engaging in agriculture and trade. The influence of these early tribes is still discernible in the names of towns and regions within Sannlibo.

One of the most significant legacies of this period is the rich folklore and oral traditions that have been passed down through generations. Stories, myths, and legends from this time continue to resonate in Sannlibo's cultural heritage.

Viking Age

The Viking Age, which began around the 8th century, left an indelible mark on Sannlibo's history. The seafaring Norsemen, known as Vikings, explored, settled, and traded throughout Northern Artemia. The coastlines of what is now Sannlibo witnessed the arrival of Viking longships and the establishment of trading posts.

The influence of Norse culture is evident in Sannlibo's language, place names, and mythology. The Viking legacy remains a source of pride and fascination for modern Sannlibo's, with museums and cultural events dedicated to preserving this rich heritage.

Emergence of Tribal Kingdoms

As the Viking Age gave way to the medieval period, Sannlibo began to take on a more distinct identity. Tribal kingdoms, such as the Kingdom of Eridlo, emerged and vied for dominance in the region. These kingdoms developed their own legal systems, social hierarchies, and cultural traditions.

Throughout this era, Sannlibo experienced waves of Christianization, as the new faith gradually supplanted pagan beliefs. Monasteries and churches were established, and Sannlibo became integrated into the wider Christian world.

Middle Ages

Around 500 AD the sannlig territory was divided between a multitude of tinier monarchies and republics. The most notable was the Kingdom of Eridlo, which had expanded from the Kapenbergs to the southern territories of the modern Sannlibo and originally descents from the tribe of the Eirids. In the years between 700 AD and 800 AD the many tinier monarchies were conquered by the Kingdom of Eridlo, which furtherly expanded northwards. Around 720 the City of Eridlo was founded and between 730 and 740 the Kapenbergs were fortified as the southern border.

1130-1217 civil wars

Skagerrak Union

The personal union between Sannlibo and Ringerike was a significant and complex chapter in the history of both nations, that profoundly shaped the destinies of both realms. Spanning from its foundation in the late 14th century to its eventual dissolution in the early 16th century, this union was established through a series of strategic marriages and political alliances that was characterized by a single monarchy ruling over both realms.

Foundation of the Union

The foundations of the personal union were laid in the late 14th century, when [Monarch's Name], a member of [Royal House], ascended to the throne of [Nation Name] through marriage to [Nation Name's Monarch's Name]. This union was solidified not only through this dynastic connection but also by a series of political agreements and treaties that aligned the interests of both realms.

The union was initially seen as a way to consolidate power and resources and strengthen the positions of both nations on the artemian stage, enabling them to navigate the complex political landscape of this continent. It brought about a period of relative stability and prosperity as the two realms cooperated in various fields, including trade, diplomacy, and military affairs, marked by increased economic cooperation, cultural exchanges, and mutual defense agreements. Cultural exchanges also led to a rich blending of traditions and ideas.

Flourishing Era and Challenges

During the early years of the personal union, both realms experienced a period of relative peace, prosperity and growth. Economies thrived as trade flourished between the two realms, and the arts and sciences saw remarkable advancements. The union also fostered a climate of cultural exchange, resulting in the blending of traditions and ideas.

However, this era of harmony was not without its challenges, which persisted beneath the surface. Religious tensions, territorial disputes, competing interests and economic disparities simmered beneath the surface, occasionally erupting into localized conflicts. The monarchs of both realms worked diligently to manage these issues and maintain the union, often relying on diplomatic negotiations and political concessions.

Dissolution of the Union

By the early 16th century, the personal union began to unravel due to a combination of mounting internal and external pressures. Ringerike and Sannlibo found themselves increasingly at odds over issues such as religion, trade, and territorial claims. These disagreements escalated into a full-blown crisis that ultimately led to the Skagerrak War in 1525.

The war had devastating consequences for both Sannlibo and Ringerike, and it became clear that the personal union could no longer be sustained. After years of conflict, negotiations, and intervention by neighboring powers, the 1st Treaty of Skagerrak was signed in 1537, officially dissolving the union.

The end of the personal union marked a significant turning point in the histories of both Sannlibo and Ringerike. Sannlibo emerged as an independent republic, while Ringerike continued under its own sovereign rule.

The legacy of the personal union is still felt in the cultural, political, and social fabric of both nations. It serves as a reminder of a time when their destinies were intertwined and of the challenges that led to their eventual separation. The 1st Treaty of Skagerrak not only defined new borders but also set the stage for the next chapters in their respective histories, as they each embarked on their unique paths toward the future.

Transitional Period

Break-Up of the Skagerrak Union

In the early 16th century, the sannlig society underwent a pivotal period of transformation and upheaval following the break-up of the longstanding union with its neighboring state, Ringerike. This personal union had been in place for decades and generations, resulting from a complex web of royal marriages and political alliances that had consolidated power in the hands of a single monarch. The two states had shared a common monarch, with a single ruler governing both territories. However, as the political dynamics of the time began to shift, tensions between the two regions escalated, leading to the eventual de-facto dissolution of this union.

The seeds of discontent were sown as the interests of Sannlibo and Ringerike began to diverge and were characterized by complex geopolitical maneuvering, economic disparities, religious tensions, disputes over succession, disputes over territorial boundaries and conflicting regional interests. It marked the end of an era that had lasted for centuries, during which the nation and its neighbor had been united under a single crown. The separation ushered in a new chapter in the nation's history, one defined by the pursuit of greater autonomy and independence. This culminated in a dramatic confrontation that would forever change the course of Sannlibo's history.

Skagerrak War

The dissolution of the personal union did not occur without strife. Inevitably, disputes over territory, resources, and political influence erupted into open conflict. The 1520s witnessed a series of wars and skirmishes between the newly separated entities, each vying for dominance in the region.

In 1525, tensions between Sannlibo and Ringerike erupted into a full-scale war, which was marked by both conventional battles and intricate diplomatic maneuvering. This conflict, known as the Skagerrak War, was a brutal and protracted struggle that lasted for 12 years. It was a trying time for the people of the nation, as they faced the hardships and uncertainties of warfare. The conflict exacted a toll on both sides, causing widespread destruction, economic disruption and social upheaval. It also drew in neighboring powers, further complicating the already volatile situation.

After years of bloodshed and negotiations, Sannlibo emerged victorious in a decisive battle that brought about a significant shift in the balance of power. This victory marked a turning point in the conflict, leading to negotiations for a lasting peace settlement, which was finally brokered in 1537. This treaty, known as the Treaty of Peace and Understanding, also called the 1st Treaty of Skagerrak, formally ended the hostilities and established new borders and conditions for both Sannlibo and Ringerike. The war had brought about a profound transformation in Sannlibo's political landscape.

Foundation of a Republic

The aftermath of the Skagerrak War marked a turning point in Sannlibo’s history. The treaty that concluded the conflict, now officially dismantled the personal union that had bound Sannlibo and Ringerike for generations. As a result, Sannlibo emerged from the war as a newly independent and sovereign entity.

In the wake of this newfound independence and the war finally concluded, the people of Sannlibo began to envision and recognize the need for a different form of government, including a new political order — one that would ensure greater representation, freedom and stability, protect the rights of its citizens, and promote the ideals of self-governance. This aspiration led to the foundation of the Sannlig Republic in 1538, a momentous event that established a new system of governance.

In the early 16th century, this transition to a republic represented a profound departure from the previous monarchical system. The nation embarked on a journey of political and social reform. The principles of liberty, equality, and justice became the cornerstones of the nation's identity and adopted a constitution that enshrined principles of democracy, individual rights, and representative government. The establishment of a republic signaled a commitment to popular sovereignty and the belief that the nation's destiny should be determined by its citizens.

This period of transformation was not without its challenges, as the nation grappled with the complexities of governance, the division of power, and the development of a legal framework to protect the rights and freedoms of its people. However, the spirit of unity and determination prevailed, leading to the emergence of a stable and enduring republic.

Today, the nation stands as a testament to the resilience and vision of its early leaders, who navigated the turbulent waters of the early 16th century to build a society that values liberty, justice, and the principles of self-determination. The legacy of that transformative period represents a pivotal chapter in Sannlibo's history, demonstrating its resilience, determination, and commitment to self-determination in the face of significant challenges and continues to shape the nation's identity and its commitment to the ideals of democracy and republicanism.

Phase of Consolidation

With the foundation of the republic, the great council (Riksrådet or Størtsrådet) was reformed into the assembly of estates (Stændetinget), the first parliament-like institution on sannlig ground. The new head of state was the Consulate (Konsulatet), a collective head of state, with the First Consul (Førstekonsul) chairing this collective as a first among equals. There also have been two further Consuls, who came to more and more act as de-facto head-of-government and commander-in-chief during the years. This system was similar to a presidential-system, with the consulate possesing all executive power and also determing the heads of the judicial branch. The Stændetinget as legislative branch had very few power and could not exercise any larger control over the Consulate. Members of the Stændetinget were mostly part of the aristocracy, and elected by a minority of the population. The Cantons were governed by stewards (Statholders) and had varying degrees of autonomy, which furtherly also varied over time, depending on the current national law.

The first Førstekonsul was Gustav Eriksson, who was the last sannlig steward in the personal union. He commaned the sannlig forces in the Skagerrak War and was among the key individuals behind the foundation of the Sannlig Republic. Under Erikssons rule the Eridlo Flag was re-introduced as national flag and the coat of arms was stripped off any symbols, reminiscent of the Ringeriker rule. Later Magnus Johansson, the third Førstekonsul, began to open diplomatic channels to Kotama and slowly re-established the relations with Ringerike. Furtherly he granted the Stændetinget with more powers and allowed the lower peasantry to vote and become members of the assembly. Yet the Consulate and the other executive offices remained only accessible for members of the aristocracy.

During the 18th century, the Consulate has shown more and more absolutist tendencies, centralising power on the national level, stopping to gather the Stændetinget and again reducing the individual rights and freedoms. That found its height in the 1780s, when Carl Adolfson was Førstekonsul and at the height of his power. Yet parallel to these events, the national debts have been rising. Adolfson pushed for a tax reform, but that was at first rejected by the other consuls, which then were removed from office. These and further circumstances provoked that Adolfson convoked the Stændetinget in 1789, which has not met since about 50 years. As the third estate, mostly representing the lower peasentry, was underepresented in the Stændetinget and by that unable to turn down the tax reform, they declared themselves as Peoples Assembly (Folketinget), which resulted in an overall political crisis and the beginning of the sannlig revolution.

This went even further with the 3rd Treaty of Skagerrak in 1963, when Ringerike and Sannlibo agreed on Sannlibo to become a republic and the King of Ringerike thereby giving up his position as head of the sannlig state. The Governor General of Sannlibo then became the head of state, which remained until today. It also resulted in the change of the coat of arms as well, which exchanged the ringeriker royal crown by a smaller peoples crown, to symbolise sovereignity and democracy, instead of dependency and monarchy.

Present History

In the following years the already very modern and liberal democracy of Sannlibo was reformed several times. With the First Constitutional Reform of 1970 the parliamentary system was reformed to strengthen the lower house of the Parliament at the expense of the upper house and the prime minister in 1972.

In the 1993 Constitutional Reform the upper house then was completely abolished and the lower house abolished the major vote system and introduced a proportional representation system instead.

Geography

According to the Sannlig Central Authority of Statistics, Sannlibo has a land area of 254,505 km² (98,265 sq mi). Situated in northern Artemia, Sannlibo lies north to the Kapenbjergs mountain chain, a range that separates Sannlibo from Gardarike. Ostboland is located to its south-west and Kotama to its east. It has maritime borders with Ringerike and Thuyiquakliq through the Skagerrak Strait and the Boreal Sea respectively.

The northern part of Sannlibo is geographically very low relative to sea level and is considered a flat region. With that are 20% of the land mass located below sea level. These areas are mostly located in the cantons of Hagerslän, Sterndal and the Nordmark, which are located in the sannlig north-east. The coldest area of Sannlibo is the canton of Nordmark, which lies between the Hyggelig River in the south and the Boreal Sea in the north, considering that average temparatures are barely rising above 17°C in summers and are also as low as 22°C in winters.

At 254,505 km² (98,265 sq mi), Sannlibo is the 80th-largest country in Anterra and the x-largest country in Artemia. The highest elevation is the Lukasfjäll at 2,488 m (8,162.73 ft) above sea level.

Geology

The northern half of the country and especially the Nordmark are shaped by the interplay of the Hyggelig River, the Hagerrak Bay, the Skagerrak Strait and the Boreal Sea, as much of the land mass there is consisting of sediments, but also permafrost can be found. Due to its flatness and the fact that many parts of the coastal cantons are lying below sea level, a system of polders, dykes and canals has been installed here troughout the centuries. Also a considerable share of the land mass along the coastline is made by land reclamation from the sea.

The southern part of the country is influenced by the Kapenbergs and former volcanic activity. Here are many of the lakes and forests located and the land mass is penetrated by a vast amount of tinier rivers, streams and creeks. Also moraines can be found here. Kapenbjergs are meanwhile comprised of 2000m - high peaks, with a lot of plateaus, mountain lakes or glaciers. Many of the rivers and streams found northbound the Kapenbjergs, are originating here.

View to Pielinen from Paha-Koli in Lieksa, Finland, 2019 July.jpg
Gaulosen og Øysand.jpg

Climate

The northern two thirds of the country are part of the subarctic climate zone with summer time temparatures between 10 and 18°C and winter temparatures from -35 near the Nedermark to -10°C south of the Hyggelig River, while the northernmost part of the country, the Nedermark Peninsula, is even part of the arctic zone with tempartures regularly being around -40°C in wintern and barely climbing above 8°C in summers.

The southern third of the country mostly provides a humid continental climate, with temparatures up to 25°C in summers and rarely below 0°C in winters, but also features a colder climate in the Kapenbjerg mountain chain, with temparatures being between -20 and -10°C in winters and between 15 and 20°C in summers, depending on the height.

Because of Sannlibo's northern location, there are large seasonal variations in daylight. There are short days during the winter with average sunrise coming around 9:45 am and sunset 2:45 pm, as well as long summer days with sunrise at 3:30 am and sunset at 11 pm.

Nature

Due to Sannlibo lying in three climate zones, it has an unusally high biodiversity, estimating over 60,000 plant and animal species in total. The most common biomes are tundra, boreal forests and taigas as well as several types of temperate forests (mostly mixed or broadleaf). The Kapenbjergs also feature montane, sub-alpine and alpine biomes.

Flora

Vegetation zones in Sannlibo include forests, bogs, wetlands and heaths. Boreal species are adapted to the long, cold winters but need a growing season of sufficient length and warmth. The predominant coniferous species are spruce and pine, while the predominant broadleaf species are aspen, birch, beech, alder, rowan and others. Most sannlig forests are mixed or broadleaf forests, while the few coniferous forests are more and more transformed into mixed forests, to increase the protection against wildfires. In the northern parts and in the Kapenbjergs also lichen, mosses, vascular plants and shrubs are playing an important role.

The Nedermark has mostly permafrost and tundra, with both low, middle and high arctic vegetation. 160 species of plants have been found on the peninsula. Only those areas which defrost in the summer have vegetation cover and this accounts for about 30% of the peninsula.

Fauna

According to the National Office of Wildlife Preservation, terrestrial mammals occurring in Sannlibo include the artemian hedgehog, the mole, six species of shrews and eighteen of bats. The artemian rabbit, the artemian hare, the mountain hare, the artemian beaver, the red squirrel, the racoon dog, the mink, the muskrat, the brown rat and the house mouse as well as about fifteen species of smaller rodent occur. Of the ungulates, the wild boar, the wisent, the muskox, the ibex, red deer, the elk, the roe deer and the reindeer are found in the country. Terrestrial carnivores include the brown bear, the artemian wolf, the red fox and, the arctic fox, as well as the artemian lynx, the artemian badger, the artemian otter, the stoat, the least weasel, the artemian polecat, the artemian pine marten and the wolverine.

Also 540 species of birds and nearly 20,000 species of insects are estimated in the country, as well as 180 species of fish and 4,000 species of invertebrates.

Politics

Political Bodies

Sannlibo is a unitarian parliamentary democracy. Parts of the adminstrative work are delegated to regional administrative bodies. The democratic system itself is based on a mixture of representative and plebiscitarian elements, with the goal to archieve a maximal functionality of the state while retaining a maximal possible representation of the peasantry.

The political culture is marked by its pragmatism and objectivity, with the needs of the overall society in mind, rather than fullfilling the will of indivuals. Also Sannlibo exercises a high amount of freedoms as well as a broad variety of rights for the minorities in the country. This also includes immigrants as well as the LGBTQ-Community.

To align with democratic requirements, the sannlig state and its power are divided into several bodies which control and oversee each other. The political bodies are as following:

Governor General

The head of the sannlig state is the Governor General (Republikken Statshøvding), who only holds representative powers. He is elected for a term of five years by the Great Assembly (Republikken Stortinget), a joint meeting of the National Parliament and the Administrative Councils (Kantonsrådets or Kantonstingets) of the Cantons (Kantonen).

The term of "Governor General" comes from the time, in which the sannlig head of state still was the King of Ringerike. To represent him in Sannlibo and to represent the sannlig in people in front of the king, a governor general has been installed. After Sannlibo became a republic, the sannlig head state was an elected official, similar to a president, who stepped into the place of both, king and governor general. Due to traditional reasons Sannlibo kept the term "Governor General", instead of renaming the position into "President".

National Government

The executive power is hold by the National Government (Republikken Ministerrådet), comprised of the National Ministers (Republikken Ministers) and the Prime Minister (Republikken Statsminister), with the latter being the head of government and presiding over the national government. He is elected along with his proposed government by a simple majority of the National Parliament until the next parliamentary election.

In addition the prime minister is allowed to be elected two times only, according to the 1993 Constitution. According to the constitution, it is also mandatory for the government to have separated ministries for finance, economy, defense, interior and foreign affairs in addition the prime ministers office. It is also forbidden to merge these six offices into one another.

Current prime minister is Maria Jansen from the PPS.

National Parliament

The National Parliament (Republikken Folketinget) is the legislative body of the sannlig state. Since the constitutional reform of 1993 it is an unicameral system, with the members of the parliament being elected every 5 years via a party list proportional representation. The meetings of the parliament are presided by the Parliamentary President (Tingspresident). He is elected by an absolute majority of the parliament until the next general election.

National High Court

At last there is the National High Court (Republikken Hogsterett) as the judicial body. It is divided into three chambers, being responsible either for constitutional, civil or criminal law. Every chamber consists of five justices, one of them being chairman of the chamber. The three chairmen then represent the court's presidency, with one of them being the president and the others being the vice-presidents.

Political Parties

There are currently six major parties, which are also all represented in the Republikken Folketing. The governing parties are currently the two centre-left parties Sannlig Democratic Party (Sannligs Demokradig Partiet, SDP) and Progressive Party of Sannlibo (Progresive Partiet og Sannlibo, PPS). The opposition is currently consisting of the left-populist Socialist Environmental Party (Socialiste Miljopartiet, SMP) and the center-right to right block, consisting of the center-right Conservative People's Party (Konservative Folkepartiet, KFP) and Republican Centre Party (Republikken Centerpartiet, RCP), and the right-wing National-Traditionalist Party (Nationale Traditionspartiet, NTP).

Administrative Divisions

Following Section is currently under revision.

The sannlig administration below the national level is split into 12 cantons (Kantonen). Each of them is governed by a an administrative council (Kantonsrådets or Kantonstingets) and a governor (Kantonshøvding). The largest canton by area is Nordmark, the smallest is Metropolitan Eridlo (Stadten-Eridlo). Greater Eridlo (Storten-Eridlo) has meanwhile the largest population, while Nordmark has the smallest.

Generally the cantons are in charge of regional public transit, parts of the healthcare and education systems as well as fire brigades and local police forces. Although the cantons are generally more to be considered as administrative bodies to simply organise the governmental tasks and affairs on a local level, instead of being federal entities with their own political bodies and powers.

Name Administrative Centre Largest Settlement Governor Population
Stadten-Eridlo Eridlo Eridlo Benedikt Andersson 1,366,301
Storten-Eridlo Eridlo Åhrholm Mark Andre Støre 1,611,776
Nordmark Hyggerrak Hyggerrak Kurt Hanson 188,685
Hyggefylke Kirona Kirona Annicke Hannsen 356,291
Hyggeligslän Æhrlhus Áhlta Olav Heelund 421,882
Kulledalen Stelnö Stelnö Anniken Stersgard 292,955
Lukasfjällslän Havåg Havåg Jonas Rutte 200,096
Vakkersholm (Canton) Vakkersholm (City) Vakkersholm (City) Masud Ismael 1,588,457
Innlandet Fageholm Vindjald Jan-Erik Holm 370,603
Hagerrakfylke Hagerrak Vakkerak Leif-Jakob Juul 638,821
Sterndal Skagershavn Skagershavn tba 1,536,810
Hagerslän Hagersborg Hagersborg tba 536,570
Sannlibo (Total) Eridlo Eridlo Maria Jansen (PM) 20,812,146

Foreign Relations

Sannlig foreign policiy is yet a largely pragmatic one, with primarly focusing on good relations with its neighbours and the nations in the northern artemian hemisphere, economical and cultural partnerships between Sannlibo and selected nations abroad as well as not joining larger international blocs and rather focuse on individual agreements.

Sannlibo nowadays shares very good relations with the neighboring Kingdom of Ringerike, altough their mutual history has not always been peaceful. Both states have signed a multitude of agreements in fields of mutual trade, defense and other matters, kown as the Treaties of Skagerrak. Some of these treaties have been adjusted, so that other nations could join these treaties, such as Gardarike and Shenewa, to which it has a good relationship. The sannlig government relies on friendly relations with its direct neighbour states as well as having other international partners, the latter especially to secure global export markets for high-tech products and import sources for raw materials.

In terms of international organisations, Sannlibo is rather locally engaged as a member of the Northern Coregnancy to coordinate its efforts in economical and cultural matters with its direct neighbours. To coordinate these efforts on a broader base, Sannlibo and Ringerike founded the Extended Skagerrak Dialogue to forge a network of international partners, with participating possibilities for economical cooperation, mutual defense and cultural exchange. Despite these organizations Sannlibo mostly abstains from the larger and globally more influential organizations such as ECOSEAS and the North-South Concordant as well as the Pan-Artemian Coalition, and rather focuses on having good relations with the individual member states, such as Chezzetcook, Gardarike and Tiperyn.

Country Status Current state of relations Mutual Embassies Visa Requirement
 Arlo Friendly Both Nations share good relations, both nations engaged a closer cooperation in recent years Yes Yes
 Chezzetcook Friendly Yes Yes
 Gardarike Friendly Close ties and strong cooperation maintained via multiple agreements Yes No
 Hwangchu Friendly Sannlibo and Hwangchu maintain a stable friendly relationship. Yes Yes
 Ostboland Friendly Yes No
 Ringerike Allied Both are historically strong allied powers for a long time and maintain a deep and growing cooperation in many fields. Yes No
 Shenewa Friendly Both Nations share good relations, and a close cooperation in defense and economy, as well as a free trade agreement. Yes No
 Theyka Friendly Sannlibo and Theyka maintain a stable friendly relationship. Yes No
 Tiperyn Friendly Yes Yes
Confederacy of Kotama Friendly Yes No
 Veikaia Neutral Sannlibo and Veikaia are neutral to each other, but also do not share intense relations Yes Yes
 Confederate States of Northern Avalonia Neutral Sannlibo and the CSNA do not share hostilities, but also do not have intense relations as well. Yet the Sannligs are sceptical about the CSNAs politics since the Sorland War. Yes Yes

Diplomatic Agreements

Confederacy of Kotama:

  • Silverkulle Protocols: The Silverkulle Protocols are a series of agreements signed between the Kotamic Tredje Dynasty and the Republic Of Sannlibo government. The protocals were signed in 1639, following the end of hostilities between Sannlibo and Ringerike over the nations self-governance with the signing taking place in the Silverkulle mountains on the border between the two nations. The protocols outlined agreements between the two states over the mutual respect of both nations lands, borders, cultures, and history; the mutual recognition of each other governments and monarchies; their ruling bodies right to rule over the people within their territory; and protocols for future political interactions. In 1645, a delegation from House Fyra met to clarify with the Sannlibo government that the protocols extended beyond the current ruling bodies time, to all ruling bodies who would control either nation in future.

 Ringerike:

  • Treaties of Skagerrak: The Treaties of Skagerrak are a multitude of treaties signed in the 20th century and ensure a deep cooperation between the two nations.

 Shenewa:

  • Treaty of Wehaware: The Treaty of Wehaware was signed following the Sorland War in February 1976. By that Treaty, Sannlibo and Shenewa maintain close relations in defense matters, as well as that Sannlibo joins the Ingonian Pact
  • Treaty of Eridlo: The Treaty of Eridlo is a free trade agreement between Sannlibo and Shenewa. It was signed in 1993 and rules that Sannlibo can import agricultural goods to better conditions, while Shenewa gets a better access on industrial goods and services.

Military

Sannlibo also has a standing military force, the Republic Defense Forces (Sannligs: Republikken Forsvarets, RFV), mainly consisting of professionals and volunteers. The conscription has been abolished after 75 years in 1989. Peacetime commander in-chief is the minister of defence, in wartimes this duty is taken over by the prime minister. Also the RFV share an intense partnership with the Ringeriker Armed Forces. Both forces have a strong cooperation shown by common developments, exercises and operations. Also they complement each other in their capabilities.

The main task of the sannlig forces is the preservation of the nation's territorial integrity and by that defending the homeland in case of an armed attack, furtherly the forces provide military aid to partner nations and sannlig allies, such as Ringerike, and also contribute to the global security by participating in international peace keeping operations and humanitarian aid. The Republic Defense Forces are a solely conventional force and as such do not own any weapons of mass destruction, such as nuclear weapons. Also Sannlibo does not own any strategic weapons such as ballistic missiles.

The sannlig military is divided into the following main arms:

Sannlig Land Forces (Sannlig Landvarets)

The Sannlig Land Forces (Sannlig Landvarets) are the most important arm of the sannlig military and responsible for ground based warfare. They are consisting of three divisions and two separate commands.

The 1st Sannlig Division (1SD) is formed by the two light infantry brigades of the ground forces, namely the I. Infranty Brigade (Airborne) and the II. Infantry Brigade (Airmobile). Its task is expeditionary warfare as well as rapid deployment, to provide the ability react globally in a timeframe of 24 to 36 hours. Also these two brigades form the bridge to the Jægers and the Special Forces. The 2nd and 3rd Sannlig Divisions are armoured and mechanized forces, which form the the main combat element of the Sannlig Land Forces. Both divions each feature a mix of professional and mobilization units, with half of their brigades being on active duty.

The separate commands are the Special Forces Command, containing the Jæger Brigade and the Special Operations Task Force, and the Combat Service Support Command, being tasked with specialized engineering, logistics, signal, EW and NBC missions.

Sannlig Sea Forces (Sannlig Sjøværnet)

The Sannlig Sea Forces (Sannligs Sjøværnet) are the main arm for maritime operations. They currently have 4 light frigates, 2 multi-purpose frigates, 5 corvettes, 6 submarines, 5 off-shore patrol vessels, multiple landing and assault crafts and one icebreaker in there inventory. In addition they can also make use of the amphibious and support ships of the Royal Ringerike Navy (Kongelig Marine).

Also part of the Republic's Navy are the Sannlig Marines (Sannligs Marinekorpset), who provide a brigade sized force of amphibious troops. In addition there are further units for combat service support and special operations available. Their purpose is mostly the defense of coastal waters as well as maritime facilities and settlements along the coastline. Additionally the Marines can also serve as a highly capable intervention unit for global conflicts, altough this kind of operation has its limitations due to a lack of domestic strategic sea-lift capabilities. Yet, in that case it remains possible to make use of such enablers provided by the Ringeriker Navy.

Sannlig Air Force (Sannlig Luftvapnet)

IC Sannlig Fighters exercising
Sannlig J.02 and JA-2000 (In the Background) during an exercise over northern Sannlibo

The Sannlig Air Force (Sannlig Luftvapnet) is tasked with aerospace security and aerial force projection, supporting tactical and strategic expeditionary missions and providing joint fire support and long-range ground-based air defence for ground forces. It currently operates 120 fighter jets in six squadrons, 72 tactical transporters, 54 special mission and support aircraft and about 104 helicopters.

Additionally the Air Force contains ground-based units for airfield security, combat service support, air defence as well as its own special operations force.

Sannlig Home Guard (Sannligs Hæmgardet)

The Sannlig Home Guard (Sannligs Hæmgardet) is the territorial reserve force. It contains battalion-sized motorized and light infantry forces in each canton. Their task is the territorial defence and assistance of security forces as well as providing rear area security to the operational forces in wartimes and the support of civil protection and disaster relief in peacetimes.

Also the Guard Rangers Regiment (Gardejaeger Regiment) is a part of the Sannligs Hæmgardet. In peacetime they primarly function as the ceremonial unit of the Republic Defence Forces, responsible for the Guard of Honour of the president, the prime minister and the minister of defense. In wartimes they take the responsibility of the defending the sannlig capital Eridlo and providing assistance to local security forces.

Overseas Deployments

  • Operation Sverker (SAMPM-Shenewa): The "Sannlig Military Partnership Mission in Shenewa", also called Operation Sverker, is a Naval Mission in Shenewa and its economical zone in the Ingonian Sea, with the goal to strengthen the cooperation between Shenewa and Sannlibo as well as underlining the economical interests of Sannlibo in this region. Main part of the Mission is the integration of a Sannlig Frigate into a Shenewan Strike Group, to perform common exercises and training. In 2023 this mission is carried out by the RSS Vakkersholm. Additionally sannlig reconnaissance aircrafts are stationed in Shenewa and provide assistence in aerial reconnaissance.
  • Operation Skilder (SAMPM-Arlo): The "Sannlig Military Partnership Mission in Arlo", also called Operation Skilder, is ground forces mission in Arlo to develop a deeper military partnership and peform common training s well as underlining the economical interests of Sannlibo in theregion.. The mission is purveyed with a rotational Villhund Mechanised Infantry Battlegroup, and a flight of Air Force units with JA-2000 "Falk" jet fighters and E-17 recon aircrafts.

Public Security

The sannlig system of public security includes law enforcement, civil protection and healthcare services. The sannlig emergency services as well as the intelligence agencies are as well part of the public security network.

Law Enforcement

The law enforcement primarily falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Public Security (Innenriks- og Beredskapsdepartementet). The primary law enforcement agency is the National Police (Republikken Polititjeneste), which also handles border protection, transport policing, crime investigation and anti-terrorism tasks. For less important duties as well as local policing in rural areas, the cantons may also have their own Cantonal Police (Kantonspoliti). The training for potential members of the police services takes three years in average.

The responsible authority for financial law enforcement and customs protection is the National Customs Service (Republikken Tollverket). It is part of the Ministry of Finance (Finansdepartementet) and works closely together with the National Police. Also the Customs Service is responsible for investigating economic crimes and takes part in border protection to support the National Police.

Another national authority with competences in law enforcement is the Republic's Coast Guard (Republikken Kustvakten), which is subordinate to the Ministry of Economy, Transport and Infrastructure (Nærings-,Samferdsel- og Infrastrukturdepartementet). The coast guard is also tasked with customs, maritime surveillance (in peacetime) and search and rescue missions. It often fulfills its roles in cooperation with the National Police, the National Customs Service and the Republic's Navy.

The National Security and Intelligence Agency (Republikken Sikkerhets- og Etterretningstjenesten) is also part of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Public Security and is the national agency for intelligence gathering, in both, domestic and foreign affairs. It is as well responsible for counter-intelligence, anti-extremism and terrorism. On demand it can also support the National Police and the law enforcement services in the gathering of criminal intelligence, if their own possibilities are too limited, although such interactions have to be allowed by a judge for the case in question.

The intelligence service for the armed forces is the Military Information Service (Militære Informationstjeneste), which is directly subordinate to defense ministry.

Civil Protection

Sannlibo features a large system of civil protection. It includes the fire brigades as well as other specialised agencies and non-governmental organizations.

The fire brigades of Sannlibo are primarily organized on municipal level, although they are subordinate to the cantons. By that normaly each municipality has a fire brigade, which is overseen and funded by the canton. The cantons procure equipment and train the firefighters. Also specialised equipment, e.g. for HAZMAT emergencies, is mostly sustained on a cantonal level. Apart from the regular duties, such as extinguishing vehicle or structure fires as well as helping in traffic accident, the fire brigades also feature specialized divisions for wildland firefighting, HAZMAT responses, rescue diving, mountain rescue or rescue dogs.

On national level the National Agency for Civil Protection (Republikken Beredskabsstyrelsen/RBKS) is the primary institution for search and rescue tasks, disaster relief and civil defense. The agency is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior and Public Security and features subdivisions for NBC-emergencies, wildland fires, floods, technical relief as well as multiple kinds of Search and Rescue missions, for example in mountainous, maritime or urban environments. The RBKS also conducts the national SAR-services for aviation and maritime security according to international treaties.

In the maritime sector search and rescue is also conducted by the Sannlig Coast Guard, which therefore cooperates with the RBKS. Both complement each other in the availability of rescue vessels and aircraft. Also the coast guard is more patrolling the off-shore areas, while the RBKS is more focused on the coasts.

In addition there are several private and non-governmental, mostly voluntairy, organizations, which take part in civil protection. The most prominent example is Guardian Rescue Operations, which is a partly voluntairy, partly professional organization involved in Maritime Search and Rescue as well as Mountain and Water Rescue. Additionally "Guardian" provides teams for wildland firefighting and mass casualty events.

Healthcare

Healthcare in Sannlibo is mainly tax-funded, universal for all citizens, and decentralised, although private health care also exists. The health care system in Sannlibo is financed primarily through taxes levied by the cantons. A total of 12 cantons are in charge of primary and hospital care within the country.

Private healthcare is a rarity in Sannlibo, and even those private institutions work under mandate of the cantons.The canton regulates the rules and the establishment of potential private practices. While care for the elderly or those who need psychiatric help is conducted privately in many other countries, in Sannlibo, publicly funded local authorities are in charge of this type of care.

Healthcare in Sannlibo is similar in quality to other developed nations. Sannlibo ranks in the top five countries with respect to low infant mortality. It also ranks high in life expectancy and in safe drinking water. In 2018, health and medical care spedning represented around 11% of the GDP.

As the sannlig healthcare system is decentralised, the central government plays a relatively limited role in health care in Sannlibo. Its main functions are to regulate, coordinate and provide advice and its main responsibilities are to establish goals for national health policy, determining national health legislation, formulating regulation, promoting cooperation between different health care actors, providing guidelines for the health sector, providing health and healthcare-related information, promoting quality and tackling patient complaints. By that the 12 cantons are responsible for hospitals, general practitioners and ambulance services. They are financed mainly through income taxes. The only hospitals subordinate to the national government are the three National Hospitals in Skagershavn, Vakkersholm and Eridlo, which is due to historical reasons.

Economy and Infrastructure

Basic Information

The sannlig economy is officially based around a free market economy, though there are limitations through high social and ecological standards on the one side and state-owned enterprises in critical sectors on the other, so that mixed economy would make a better term.

Core sectors of the economic system are the high technology and heavy industrial sectors on the one side and the mining industry and the fishing and forestry industry on the other. But also the service sector became increasingly important through the years.

Geographically the economic centers are the cities of Eridlo and Vakkersholm north of the Kapenbjergs and the city of Vakkerak, lying at the mouth of the Vakker River into the Hagerrak Bay. Other centres are the cities of Fageholm and Vindjald which, like Vakkersholm, lie along the Vakker River and are bordering neighboring countries, such as Ostboland.

Also the economy is reliant on international trade, with the manufacturing sector having a large output of export goods, while most parts of grain and fuel need to be imported due to geographical limitations. Additionally fish, seafood and timber are exported in considerable numbers, while the service sector is also offering its services in many other countries too.

Major companies are Sannsystems, Hyger Gruppen, Hyger Motors and Hasbrø Industries, which are all representing the high-technology and heavy industustrial sector, as well as Hagersstål Metalværker, Penta Chemicals, Haugland Medicus, Sterna Gruppen, Oker Systems and Støra Produkter.

Ressources

The country is richly endowed with natural resources including petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals. These ressources largely contribute to the countries gross domestic product. Additionally mineral as well as oil and gas sources are either directly or indirectly controlled by the sannlig government.

Oil Industry

Large reserves of petroleum and natural gas were discovered in the 1960s, which led to a boom in the economy. In 1995, the Sannlig government established a wealth fund, which would be funded with oil revenues, including taxes, dividends, sales revenues and licensing fees. This was intended to reduce overheating in the economy from oil revenues, minimise uncertainty from volatility in oil price, and provide a cushion to compensate for expenses associated with the ageing of the population. The government controls its petroleum resources through a combination of state ownership in major operators in the oil fields. Finally, the government controls licensing of exploration and production of fields.

Forestry Industry

Sannlig forests, paper factories, and the agricultural sector are as well very important for rural residents and play a key role in the country's economy, making it one of the world's leading wood producers and providing raw materials at competitive prices for the crucial wood processing industries. As in the oil industry, the government has long played a leading role in forestry, regulating tree cutting, sponsoring technical improvements, and establishing long-term plans to ensure that the country's forests continue to supply the wood-processing industries.

Industry

Manufacturing Industry

Sannlibo has pretty dense manufacturing sector, especially in the automotive and defense branches. The sannlig defense industry has recently been able to make considerable sales to foreign countries such as Arlo, Shenewa, Kotama, Gardarike and Ringerike, especially with the Villhund and Villkatt AFV platforms or the Falk fighter jet.

Transport Infrastructure

IC Network of Sannlibo
The Intercity Railway Network of Sannlibo

Sannlibo offers a highly developed transport network. It relies mostly on railway infrastructure, but also provides a dense network of streets, especially highways and motorways, while waterways are considered less important. Also Sannlibo provides a fairly large account of airports, as every larger city has one. The largest and most important airport is the Eridlo International Airport, which is also the only international airport of Sannlibo and the only one to provide intercontinental flights.

Railway and public transport

IC Terminus of the Eridlo Main station
The Long-Haul station of the new Main Station of Eridlo

Sannlibo features a higly developed railway network, which is largely interconnected to its neighbouring countries, especially Gardarike. Despite the geographical conditions, which features many natural barriers like lakes, mountains, valleys and rivers, Sannlibos railway network is one of the densest networks in Artemia, but also one of the most modern and best served networks.

Due to named geographical limitations, which caused that many lines feature many curves and by that could only be served at lower speeds, the sannlig Intercity network was originally rather small and less important with the purpose to just connect the larger cities without changing trains as well as leaving out intermediate stops. In the meantime the sannlig goverment pursued the construction of newly built high-speed railways which could be operated at speeds up to 250 kph. These have been opened since the early 90s and connect all major cities. Additionally new high-speed connections trough the Skagerrak strait and the Kapenbergs mountain range have been opened in the recent decades. Since the late 2000s additional routes for freight services were opened along the existing high-speed railways, to avoid that cargo and intercity services interfere with each other. Most sannlig rail lines have also been electrified and extended to double tracks, the grade of electrification is at 90%, roughly 80% of the lines have at least double tracks. Standard rail electrification is at 25kv 50hz AC overhead power, with an exception on the core network of the Eridlo Pendeltog, which uses 1200V third rail electrification. The overall railway network and its infrastructure are mostly administered by the state-owned company Sannlig Transnet AB.

The sannlig Intercity network connects all major cities, with speeds up to 250kph. The lines have a service frequency of 2 hours, by that most corridors are served once per hour. Additionally there is an Interregio network, serving destinations with lower demand as well as running parallel to IC-lines, increasing the service frequency to roughly 30 minutes while also serving more intermediate stops on their way.

On regional level there are the train categories Pendeltog, Regiontog and Regionexpres. Pendeltogs are sub-urban services which connect larger cities with their agglomerations/metropolitan areas in a dense frequency of 20 or 30 minutes. Such systems currently exist in the cities of Eridlo, Vakkersholm, Skagershavn and the agglomeration around the Hagerrak Bay (Vakkerrak/Hagerrak/Hyggerrak). Regiontog are classic regional services, which regularly serve nearly all stops on their routes in a frequency of at least 60 minutes, the overlapping of multiple lines enables service frequencies of 30 to 20 minutes. Meanwhile Regionexpres services are serving fewer stations in a frequency of one or two hours, which are either larger towns or transfer stations.

Many sannlig cities also feature intense public transit networks, as many larger cities provide tram and/or light rail services. The cities of Eridlo and Vakkersholm also feature additional metro networks. The Vakkersholm Metro also operates as a commuter rail network, by using existing or additional tracks to serve the suburban areas. Meanwhile the city of Fageholm features an uniquely combined light-rail and metro system, which also reaches out to the surrounding countryside. The tram of Vindjald also operates routes to other nearby municipalities, while the light-rail and tram networks of Vakkerrak and Hagerrak are largely interconnected.

Road traffic

Sannlibo also has a pretty dense road network, featuring a modern and well developed infrastructure. The country has one of the densest networks of interstates and highways, which mostly have been built in the second half of the 20th century. Although priorities have switched to rail traffic, the sannlig government still emphasizes on keeping the roads in a good shape and increasing security. Also major investments have been made in recent time, like the Kapenbergs-Tunnel (Kapenbergstunelen), connecting Sannlibo with Gardarike.

Similar to the rail infrastructure, Sannlig Transnet AB also owns and administrates the road infrastructure of Sannlibo, although there are exceptions on most regional roads, which are mostly owned and administrated by the cantons.

Airports and air traffic

Sannlibo offers a couple of airports in multiple cities, as nearly all major cities have an airport, although these usually only have regional purposes. The only international airports are located in Eridlo, Skagershavn and Vakkersholm. Largest airport is the "Eridlo-Åhrholm International Airport" located in the city of Åhrholm, which borders to the sannlig capital Eridlo to its south-west. Since the construction of the Eridlo City Tunnel and the new Eridlo-Bergen railway line, it is connected to the national intercity network and even the international trains running to Kongensheim (Ringerike) and Bolungarvik (Gardarike).

Most of the sannlig airports are owned and administrated by Sannlig Transnet AB, with some exceptions on regional airports, which are then owned by the cantons.

The largest airline and also the sannlig flag carrier is Sannlig Air Shuttle AB, which operates both, a dense regional and continental network as well as multiple long-haul and intercontinental routes. Additionally its subsidiary Sannlig Air Cargo features a very dense air cargo network across the globe and is one of the largest players in that market.

Ports and shipping

Sannlibo features a number of ports along its coastline at the Boreal Sea. While most a smaller ports with limited meaning, a few are of a large importance to the sannlig economy.

The largest of Sannlibo is the Port of Skagershavn, which is mostly known for its container transshipment. It features two container terminals, with a total of more than 5 km quay length, 14 berths and 54 gantry cranes. The construction of a third terminal is currently planned. It will be built as a deepwater port, directly on the seaside, to acommendate the increasing size of modern container ships.

Other major ports are located at the Hagerrak Bay in the cities Vakkerrak, Hagerrak and Hyggerrak, altough their importance is rather low compared to the Port of Skagershavn, as they are located further away from the main shipping routes and deeper inland than the Port of Skagershavn.

Furtherly all major seaports of Sannlibo are mostly owned and administrated by the state-owned infratucture company Sannlig Transnet AB. The largest shipping company of Sannlibo is Boreask Shipping AB, a binational shipping line partially owned by the governments of Ringerike and Sannlibo and founded by the merger of the respective national shipping lines.

Energy

Sannlibo's energy market is largely privatised and belongs to a common energy market with Ringerike. Since the early 2000s electricity production in Sannlibo is mostly split between hydrolectic and wind power, together making up 87% of the total electricity production. The remaining share is produced through four nuclear reactors as well as geothermal and biomass power. Although latter are mainly used to produce heat for district heating and central heating and industry processes. While all other named energy sources have increased in importance, nuclear energy, once accounting for over 50% of the energy production, has for its part declined in the recent. Among other things, the question of how and where to store the nuclear waste, prompted the government to ban the construction of new nuclear plants and as well to phase out the existing ones. In 2023 only four nuclear reactos remain in power and make up ca. 7.5% of the national energy production.

Meanwhile, the sannlig power grid is mostly owned by Sannlig Transnet, which builds and maintains the national power distribution network and offers it for use by the participants of the energy market.

Far earlier the government decided to reduce the imports of fossil fuels, which was also to reduce the dependence on international markets. Instead, the consumption which could not be sustained by the national production of oil, gas and coal, was to be sustained by the increased production of renewable energies. Sannlibo yet is a large exporter of electricity and fossil fuels. Also Sannlibo is considered a "global leader" in decarbonisation. Politicians have made announcements about oil phase-out, decrease of nuclear power, and multibillion-dollar investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency. The country has for many years pursued a strategy of indirect taxation as an instrument of environmental policy, including energy taxes in general and carbon dioxide taxes in particular. The revenues of these taxes as well as the revenues of the energy exports, are used to fund the environmental efforts of the sannlig government.

The countries mains electricity is at 230v 50hz, the transmission grid is using 380kv and 220kv,the distribution grid uses 110kv, while the medium voltage network uses either 10kv or 20kv. All these voltages are of alternating currents with a frequency of 50hz. The sannlig rail electrification uses with 25kv and 50hz. These standard voltages in the sannlig electric grid are defined by the Skagerrak Agreement of Standardisation.

Digital Infrastructure

Sannlibo has a high emphasis on the digitalisation as well as digital infrastructure in general. It was among the first countries to introduce fibre-glass cables and mobile internet networks. The Law on National Networks stated a guarantee to all citizens to be provided with an fibre-glass internet connection, as well it states that the complete area of the nation is to be in reach of mobile internet. The construction of the national LTE network began in 2009 and was finzalized in the late 2010s, with the beginning of the introduction of 5G. The mobile and cable internet network is largely owned by Sannligs Telenet, which plans, builds and maintains the network, and rents the lines and frequencies to the service providers.

Additionally the sannlig government as well as cantonal and municipal administrations began to offer their offer their services digitally from early on. Additionally in 2013 the sannlig parliament ratified a bill, which ensures the protection of privacy, copyright and consumers in the digital space, and as well includes other regulations the prevent internet companies from abusing national laws and tax regulations by placing their seat in foreign countries.

Sannlig companies are also leading in the production of chips and hardware for digital communication networks and systems as well as digital devices.

Culture and Demography

Language

The official language of Sannlibo is Sannligs. It is related to the other northern-Artemian languages, namely Gardic, Kotalvari, Norsk and Ostish. Especially the phonetic and vocabular similarities with Norsk are remarkable, which came through centuries of free travel and interaction between the people of Ringerike and Sannlibo. Also the similarities with Kotalvari and Ostish are large as well, but not as common as with Norsk. Gardic shares the smallest similarities with Sannligs, due to Sannligs being a younger language and a descent of Gardic, which came to develop in its own way and by that divert from Gardic in some fields.

Gardic, Kotalvari, Norsk and Ostish are also all recognized national languages, as they are spoken as first language by a total of 16% of the sannlig population and as a second language by 24% of the population.

Also Sannlibo has one of the highest rates of anglic speakers with more than 80%, as it is taught in sannlig schools from the second grade onwards. Anglic teaching in sannlig schools has also been introduced as far back as 1928.

Ethnicity

Sannlibo's ethnicity is influenced by the history with Ringerike and the neighbourhood to Gardarike and Ostboland. While the sannligs are the most widespread and by far the largest ethnicity, the gardic, norsk and ostban ethnicities still have large influence and a considerable share of people. Especially the norsk ethnicity is spread widely among Sannlibo, although its centre lies around the canton of Sterndal in the sannlig north-east. The ostban ethnicity is rather only spread along the Vakker river as well as the border between Ostboland and Sannlibo. The gardic ethnicity is meanwhile mostly spread in the Kapenbjergs, which protray the border to Gardarike.

Religion

Sannlibo officially has no state religion, as it applies and emphasizes secularism, according to the constitution. During the ringeriker rule Godatru was applied as a state religion, while other religions have also been accepted.

Since the sannlig independence the concept of state religion is abolished and replaced by secularism, although the freedom of religion and belief has been maintained, so that everyone has the right to exercise his believes as he wishes to.

Other religions being broadly exercised in Sannlibo, besides Godatru, include Christianity, most notably the First Apostolic Church, and a rising share of Haqiqatan members.

Art

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Architecture

With expansive forests, Sannlibo has long had a tradition of building in wood and with that almost all buildings were made of timber before the 13th century, but a shift began towards stone. By that before the 13th century almost all buildings were made of timber, but a shift began towards stone. Examples for early sannlig stone buildings are the Romanesque churches on the countryside.

Around 1520 Sannlibo was out of the Middle Ages and so for the next two centuries, Sannlibo was designated by Baroque architecture and later the rococo.

The 1930s, when functionalism dominated, became a strong period for Norwegian architecture. Since then, sannlig architecture is famous around the world, and has contributed significantly to several styles internationally, such as Jugendstil (or Art Nouveau), Nordic Classicism and functionalism.

Since the the late 20th-century sannlig architects are more and more shifting back towards timber and organic architecture, and thereby archieving international recognition.

Cuisine

The sannlig cuisine is a very diverse one and mostly dominated by the geographic conditions of the country, which are also very diverse. Very typical meals are Fiskbollar (Fishballs) and Køttbollar (Meatballs), as well as multiple kinds of dumplings, meat and fish stews and cabbage meals.

In addition liquors distilled from fermented grain, potatoes, apples, pears or herbs are common alcoholic drinks in Sannlibo, as well as apple and pear ciders. Consumed beers are either bright or dark Lager beers, mostly produced and consumed in the southern areas.

Sport

Due to the northern location and the mountain chains in the south of the country, winter sports are among the most notable sport activities in Sannlibo. Skiing and ice hockey are thereby the most popular winter sports, and ice hockey is also among the most popular indoor activities. Skiing is mostly exercised in the Kapenbjergs, which are thereby one of the most visited destinations for winter vacations in Sannlibo.

During summer are also a lot of different sports being exercised, although many of them are such sports which can be exercised in both in- and outdoor locations, such as standard hockey or volley ball. Other summer-time outdoor activities feature climbing, hiking or water-sports like rafting or canoeing.

Music

Sannlibo has a rich musical tradition. Beginning in the classical period, Edvin Peterson wrote operas inspired by the rich northern artemian mythology as well as many historical tellings from many countries. Also Anders Vikinson is a recognized classical artist, kown for his preference on percussion and brass instrument. Volfgang Edvarson was a major romantic artist, with his symphonies being known as simplistic and dominated by deeper woodwind instrument (bass clarinets and bassoons) and strighters. In the modern period sannlig composers became largely associated with film music, such as the twins Ludwig and Gustav Olavsen during the second half of the 20th century, as well as Jonas Støremans, who became reknowed since the early 2000s, being inspired by the classic masters and combining it with tribal sounds as well as modern aspects.

Historical re-creations of traditional sannlig music have been attempted based on instruments found in archeological sites. The instruments used were early forms of brass instruments, simple string instruments, wooden flutes and drums. Sannlibo has a significant folk-music scene and a strong folk music tradition which became popular again since the 90s. Many folk musicians also experimented with combining folk music with electronic music. The most famous sannlig folk music group is Nordika.

Sannlig metal and rock music has as well been an influence in world music since the late 20th century, as the scene is not just very big in Sannlibo itself, but also performs very well on an international level. Among the most successful sannlig metal groups is Inception, a symphonic and industrial metal band, which formed in the 90s around Maria Kindsen and quickly came to international success.

Also electronic music has been a successful field for sannlig artists. The techno and trance artist Armin Hansen is known for his very unique and experimental style. Also well known is the trio Fabrikken, consisting of the twins Erik and Jan Bergers and their friend Ben Anderson.

Theatre

The drama and theatre scene in Sannlibo, is a vibrant and culturally significant facet of the nation's fictional society. Many sannlig cities feature municipal theatres, while also the cantons maintain stages on cantonal level. These are differed between "national theatres" (statsteatren) and "country theatres" (lænsteatren), while the state theatres are regularly multi-branch houses with the disciplines ballett, music theatre (mostly opera) and play (spoken theatre), as well as organic orchestras, and regularly only play at their respective seat, country theatres are playing less than half of their repertoire at their seat and also sometimes have a repertoire reduced to spoken theatre. The largest theatre building in Sannlibo is the Grand National Theatre of Eridlo. Its largest venue, the grand hall, features 1900 seats. It is mostly being used for music theatre and ballett performances. For dramas, there are also the large play hall and the small play hall, featuring 800-1000 and 400-600 seats respectively, depending on wether the orchestra pit is used. Additionally the GNT features a few studio stages and black box stages for smaller plays, chamber music and music theatre performances based around chamber music.

The literal society of Sannlibo also features a couple of playwrights, with Isolde Nordkvist and Ragnar Helgason being along the recently succesful ones. tbc

There are also drama festivals, such as the Young Drama Festival, featuring young directors as well as young playwrights, presenting their work on the stages of the GNT in Eridlo. Some sannlig theatres also offer festivals in honor to historical composers and playwrights or specific genres such as baroque operas or romantic dramas.

Cinema and Media

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Education

The educational system of Sannlibo is originally divided between elementary and secondary schools as well as professional schools and universities. Additionally there have kindergardens been introduced for children aging from one to six years. At the age of six years children are then introduced into the elementary schools, until the 6th grade. From the 7th grade on, children visit the secondary schools. These are usually ranging until the 10th grade, in which the students aquire first level graduation (Forst Niva Utdanning (FNU)). Some schools also offer the second level graduation (Andra Niva Utdanning (ANU)), which is aquired after three additional years of school and a final exam in the 13th grade. The access to the 11th grade is also bound to the certificate of the 10th, which has to be good enough.

Both FNU and ANU give access to a professional education for a certain profession of one own's choice, e.g. mechanic, nurse or something else. Most of these professional educations are dual, which means that one may spend the one half of his professional education in a professional school and the other at the workplace.

Additionally the ANU gives access to the universities, where one can study politics, medicine or something else to get an academic degree.