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Akitei Federation

Motto: "By Example"
Anthem: "From the Imperial Tree"
Official languages Akitei
Recognised national languages Akitei
Ethnic groups
Demonym Akitei
Government Federal Constitutional Monarchy
• Emperor
Hikaru II
• Prime Minister
Kawakami Hideaki
Legislature Royal and Imperial Diet
Canopy of the Sword
Common Bough
• Second Great Endowment
April 12th 1960
• Total
799,675 km2 (308,756 sq mi)
• Estimate
• Density
142/km2 (367.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) estimate
• Total
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2020 estimate
• Total
• Per capita
HDI Increase 0.916
very high
Currency Iroko 鱗 (IRO)
Time zone UTC+6 (Akitei Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)
Not Observed
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Driving side left

Akiteiwa, officially known as the Imperial and Royal Federation for the Akitei People or the Akitei Federation is a Federal Constitutional Monarchy located in the Akitei Peninsula in Eastern Kesh. It controls an area of 799,675 square km, divided over 10 constituent Kingdoms, with a collective population of over 76 million people.

The Constitution of the modern state of Akiteiwa was created in 1960 amid the political and economic aftermath of the Great Kesh War as new states were liberated from the rule of Selengeria and free association with the Empire of Akiteiwa, the newly ascendant power in the peninsula.

In the decades following, Akiteiwa has endeavoured to integrate itself more into the international community, becoming an important source of agricultural goods and aluminium for export.

History (dates are tentative)

Bronze City States Period (1500s to 400s BCE)

During this period bronze working is introduced to the southern Akitei peninsula, leading to the formation of city-states led by priest-kings. These states became the dominant form of political organisation in the regions now comprising Amekawa, Aikawa, Kurogishi and Tamazaki. During this period coastal trade increased between these states and the Empire of Kodeshia. This increased trade led to the spread of Imperial Kodeshi customs and culture, including the writing system.

Tribal Kingdoms Period (400s BCE to 313 CE)

In the 400s BCE there was a series of natural disasters which displaced many of the people in the hills and mountains. Much of this destabilized the existing city-states. Coinciding with this, ironworking supplanted the previously bronze-dominant metallurgical traditions. This led to a general decentralisation of power away from older single-clan city states to systems incorporating multiple clans. These clans formed warbands which served as the military basis of this society, again replacing the older state-dependent warrior class.

Clans in turn formed larger tribal confederations and tribal kingdoms as city states coalesced into larger political units. These political units formed the ancient basis for the modern Kingdoms that exist today.

First Akitei Empire (314CE to 403CE)

In the year 314, the Empire of Akiteiwa was founded when Kiryuu of the Ame Kingdom conquered the entire peninsula, proclaiming himself an equal of the Kodeshi Tianren and as descended from the deity from which he took his name. He is henceforth referred to by his title "The Conqueror".

Over his reign, Emperor Kiryuu I would formalise his rule throughout the realm, appointing prefects to rule over newly created administrative divisions. The largest of these administrative divisions, the Kingdoms, would be ruled over by the Emperor's sons, each becoming a King in their own right. However, the Empire's territorial integrity would not last. Upon the death of the Emperor, his sons and their descendants began feuding over the rightful successor of the Imperial title. This to a period of conflict referred to as the Brothers' War.

During this period, the hitherto previously appointed prefects became increasingly entrenched, as the newly independent Prince-Kings relied strongly on their support for the wars they fought. These prefects were entitled to considerable powers, most notable among them was the right to raise and maintain an army and the right to construct and maintain a castle. Over time these formed a class of local rulers referred to as Hakumyo (伯名) that ruled much of the peninsula from fortified castle-towns.

The Brothers' War came to an end in 404CE when the Amekawa Prince-King Takeshi formally ascended to the Imperial Title as "The Unifier", ushering in what is referred to historiographically as the Second Akitei Empire.

Second Akitei Empire and the Warring States (404CE to 1044CE)

Following the ascension of Takeshi The Unifier, the former practice of having the Emperor's family members administrate the old Kingdoms was abolished. Imperial rule was asserted over the prefectural units individually. Despite this the old dynastic offshoots were allowed to maintain their domains in the provinces, forming a series of what historians have dubbed "Sapling Domains". These territories often formed the heartlands of the old Kingdoms and would remain centres of authority for the Imperial cadet clans and by extension, Imperial rule, should the cadet lineages remain loyal. This tenuous system, combined with the poor infrastructure led to a very decentralised and inefficient Second Empire. This emboldened many of the ruling Hakumyo who would begin to war among themselves and form increasingly large territorial units. In turn, these units would be begrudgingly recognised by the Emperor, creating a hierarchy of titles and rulers.

This state of being continued until 626AD and the death of Emperor [NAME] who died with no apparent heir. This led to a series of succession crises which resulted in all-out war between the multiple Sapling Clans and their Domains. With no clear successor to the Imperial title, each of these Sapling Clans claimed the Imperial title for centuries, leading to what is referred to as the Warring States Period.

Third Akitei Empire

In 1045, after centuries of conflict, the various Sapling Clans of the Empire came to an agreement to usher in a new system of deciding the Imperial title: it would become an elected position from among the members of the Sapling Clans, with the Clans themselves acting as the electing bodies. The most powerful of these Clans was the Aikawa branch, which had come to dominate much of the traditional Kingdom of Aikawa, supplanting Amekawa as the traditional seat of Imperial power. Amekawa had declined in power as the Sapling Clan of Amekawa splintered and fragmented into several smaller clans. Periodically the elected title would return to one of the Amekawa Clans if they collectively managed to agree on one of them, but the influence of the Aikawa Clan and their own disputes kept them disunited.

The Rise of Komishima and Aikawa-Komishima (700CE to 1127CE)

The islands around Akiteiwa were traditionally home to proto-Akitei speakers, known in Akiteiwa as Tadayoujin (漂人 lit. "Drifters"). These islanders had a long-standing maritime tradition, dating back to before the First Empire. These islanders would become prolific sailors, fishermen, traders and raiders of Peninsular Akiteiwa. It was these Islanders who would make the first crossing of the Midway Gap in the 700s CE, making contact with East Tethys Islanders. Relatively quickly, this led to some of the earliest recorded contact between Avalonia and Kesh, going so far as to lead to a settlement of Akitei-speakers in Tilenno. However, this settlement would be short-lived as the region descended into isolationism and conflict.

Over time, much of this East-West trade was centralised through traders in Komishima, which had consolidated into a league of city-states. By the time of the Third Empire, it dominated the majority of seaborne trade around Akiteiwa and had even been partially responsible for the creation of the Kingdom of Kurogishi, which was an attempt by the Empire to create a buffer state against seaborne raids by promising those raiders territory on the mainland, primarily around Aikawa. Over time Kurogishi Hakumyo came into conflict with the nascent Kingdom of Aikawa, which conquered many of the small states. These small states had their own system of bureaucracy and were natural ports of call for Aikawa trade. This reformed the state of Aikawa and brought it closer to the goings-on in Komishima.

This closeness with Aikawa led to a wedding between the rulers of Aikawa and Komishima, forming an alliance between the two states for some time. Following the death of the Queen of Komishima, the Diet of Komishima attempted to elect a successor, as had been tradition on the islands for centuries. The King of Aikawa contested this process, citing their eldest son as the rightful King in Komishima. Following a brief conflict, the Prince of Aikawa was coronated as King of Komishima at the age of 14 in Komimachi. When his father died in 1127, the Prince proclaimed himself King of Land and Sea before being elected as Akitei Emperor the same year, leading to a century of monopolisation of the Imperial title by the Kings of Land and Sea.

Two Emperors Period (1252CE to 1337CE)

Aikawa-Komishima and Amekawa continued to consolidate power until a big war to settle the matter of imperial inheritance. The war ended in a stalemate, creating a brief period of Diarchy, with the Red Dragon Court and Blue Dragon Court being established in Amekawa and Aikawa respectively. The Diarchs would periodically switch residences and courts to avoid one becoming too dominant and entrenched. Not quite sure how exactly it ends, could be politics, could be war. All I know is that the Red Dragon Court wins, leading to the establishment of the Fourth Empire.

Akaishi is at its height during this period under the rule of King Takeru "The Lion of Akaishi". .

Fourth Empire (1337CE to 1528CE)

Imperial rule properly re-established for the first time since the First Empire.

Rise of Regent Rule (Late 1300s CE to Early-Mid 1400s CE)

A series of weak Emperors after reunification saw the monopolisation of political power by a particular noble family, who could not formally challenge the imperial title outright. This continued until a collection of sympathetic nobles led a restoration of the Emperor and ousted the Regent clan. The Imperial Diet is formally established here to represent the Nobility but the Crown periodically just ignores it.

Colonisation of Toyohara

This probably happens in here

War of the 5 Princes (1493CE to 1504CE)

With rule by the Imperial Family restored, many of the old court nobility were ousted and political power was monopolised by the Imperial Family, who appointed its members to most important positions. This led to a situation similar to that at the end of the First Empire, in which the Imperial Family threatened to dismantle the Empire. However, these claimants lacked the same sort of regional influence as the Old Kings and while support for the pretenders tended to be regional, the pretext of the conflict was about claiming the Empire intact. Following the victory of [NAME] the pretenders and their families were executed en masse, with the victor proclaiming the creation of the Fifth Empire.

Fifth Empire (1504CE to 1799CE)

Hoodrat shit. Big Navy, very trade with Avalonia.

Revolution and the Abolition of the Caste System (1790s)

Independence of Toyohara, probably get the Brigantic War in here too. Revolution abolishes the caste system but Old Money and New Money team up to keep the Poors in their place. Formalisation of the Diet as a bicameral legislature and the Endowment establishes the Sixth Empire.

Sixth Empire (1799CE to 1960CE)


Conflict with Selengeria

The Grand Campaigns

The Kesh War

Seventh Empire (1960CE to Current)

Establishment of the Federal Constitution

Yindong Crisis


Akiteiwa is in Eastern Kesh, occupying the majority of the Akitei peninsula. It shares a land border with only a single country, Selengeria. To its East, Akiteiwa borders the Akitei sea and to the South-West, it borders the Pearl Sea, both of which are part of the greater Tethys Ocean.

Elevation ranges from 5,763m metres at the summit of the mountain Akeno-nee in the Ane mountains to sea level at on the east coast. Elevation is also increased by the presence of the XX rift valley to the west, on the border with Selengeria. These points of higher elevation mark the sources for several major rivers in Akiteiwa, including the Amekawa and the Aikawa, two of Akiteiwa's most major rivers.

Notable natural resources include bauxite, timber, copper, silver and lignite.




The Akitei peninsula is high in floral biodiversity, owing to its unique subcontinental origins as well its diverse terrain and climate. There are over XXXX native floral species, many of them endemic to the country. While much of the the land has been cleared for agriculture and human development, there remains much untouched forest and habitat, much of it now protected in National Parks and Nature Reserves.

The southern lowland regions of the country in Aikawa and Kurogishi have traditionally been dominated by primary forests of evergreen broadleaf species such as those from the genera Hopea, Shorea, Dipterocarpus and Vatica. Increasing with latitude, the tropical Dipterocarp forest gives way to Laurel forests dominated by species of the Schima, Camellia, Magnolia, Rhododendron and Quercus (Oak) genera.

Akiteiwa's highlands create regions of increased diversity. This diversity is exemplified in the Southern Highland Cloud Forest regions in the Ane mountains and the Northern Highland Pine forests, which are home to the largest stands of pine trees in the country. Historically these highland climates have allowed Akiteiwa to cultivate a diverse array of plant species for economic reasons such as Coffea for coffee and Morus, which has been integral to sericulture.

Other historically economic significant species include Cinnamomum camphora (Camphor) Cinnamomum verum (Cinnamon tree) Citrus sp. and Dalbergia oliveri (Rosewood)

Politics and Government


Akiteiwa is a federal, hereditary, constitutional monarchy. Legally all authority derives from the Emperor of Akiteiwa by way of the Great Endowment, an event officially establishing constitutional rule and symbolically donating power to both the people of Akiteiwa and its nobility. The power vested in the nobility would later be formally shared by the constituent Kingdoms of Akiteiwa, established in the 1960 Endowment.

The current Emperor of Akiteiwa is 82 year old Hikaru II of the Kiryuu (輝龍) dynasty. He ascended to the Imperial Throne in 1961 after the death of his father.

The Kiryuu Dynasty has claimed to rule Akiteiwa since the Empire's Foundation in 854. The continuity of this rule is contested due to several different dynasties claiming the Imperial title following periods of decline of centralised rule in the Empire. However, the Imperial Family has claimed that all the claimants of the title in this period are of the same dynasty, claiming direct male-line descent from the eponymous deity, Kiryuu.


Akiteiwa's legislative body is the Imperial Diet, a bicameral parliament. The Diet is split into a pair of chambers, the Canopy of Swords with 250 seats, and the Common Bough with 728 Seats.

The Canopy is the upper house of the legislature and is vested with representing Akiteiwa's constituent Kingdoms as well as experts and special interest groups, reminiscent of its origins as the body to represent the realm's nobility. Of its 250 Seats, 125 are to represent the Kingdoms, with that number apportioned to each of the Kingdoms using historical precedent. Each Kingdom appoints these representatives in their own right and requires no further assent from the Diet. The other 125 seats are allocated to some combination of Hereditary Peers and Honorary Peers as the Emperor and the Prime Minister see fit.

The Bough is the lower house and is vested with representing the Akitei people as a whole. All of its 728 members are elected from 125 multi-member districts throughout the country. Each district sends a minimum of two representatives, with additional representatives apportioned to each district according to a population threshold. Every Akitei citizen is eligible to vote at the age of 20. General Elections are stipulated by law to be held at least once every 6 years.

For any law to pass, it must be confirmed by a simple majority in both chambers. A bill may be introduced by either chamber with the exception of appropriation bills, which must be introduced in the Bough.

While formal executive power is held by the Emperor, in practical terms the chief executive is the Prime Minister of Akiteiwa. The Prime Minister is elected by the Bough and then affirmed in his role by the Emperor. After the Prime Minister has been affirmed, he must then form a cabinet from the members of the Diet. Traditionally these tend to be members of the Prime Minister's own party or coalition but may be anyone in the Diet. However, there are rules that stipulate that certain Cabinet members must come from a specific chamber. For instance the Minister of War must be chosen from among the Canopy while the Minister for Agriculture must be from the Bough. After a cabinet has been selected, a confirmation vote in the Canopy must affirm its creation, after which the Cabinet receives an Imperial Assent to rule in the Emperor's name.

Prominent political parties in Akiteiwa include the Business and Prosperity party, a right wing, conservative and economically liberal party as well as the Democratic Labour and Progressive Party, a left wing, social democratic party. As of the 2021 General Election, the ruling party is the Democratic Labour and Progressive Party, led by Prime Minister Kawakami Hideaki


Foreign Affairs

The foremost of Akiteiwa's foreign policy goals is to promote the welfare and safety of the Akitei people. It pursues these goals through a policy of pragmatism and international cooperation. Controversially, Akiteiwa defines this jurisdiction as extending to anywhere that people of Akitei descent live, not just formal citizens of Akiteiwa which has led to some international outcry as it is claimed to violate the sovereignty of countries with an Akitei diaspora. However, Akiteiwa has been willing to pursue these goals through diplomatic means such as the International Akitei Community, an intergovernmental organisation to promote the prosperity, protection and movement of Akitei people of all citizenships.

Akiteiwa seeks to maintain strong economic ties with its trade partners, ensuring that trade continues to flow and increase Akiteiwa's relative prosperity. To this end it is a founding member of KTEC, seeking to promote the enrichment of Akiteiwa through economic cooperation and integration.

The country sees itself as a natural leader for the Kesh region, seeking to be an example that other Kesh nations to strive to be like. It aims to curtail the political influence of the North-South Concordat in the region, especially that of Selengeria, which harbour mutual border claims as well as historical animosity. Akiteiwa views Pan-Artemian influence in Kesh and especially in Kodeshia as thinly veiled attempts at neo-colonialism and seeks to combat this with its own economic and political influence.

Since 1964 Akiteiwa has been a member of the League of Free Nations and has endeavoured to uphold and promote its ideals of human rights, freedom and democracy.


Akiteiwa's military is the Imperial and Royal Armed Forces, which is subdivided into the Imperial and Royal Army, the Imperial and Royal Navy and the Imperial and Royal Air Force. It is collectively administered by the Minister of War as part of the Ministry of War on behalf of the Emperor, who is legally the Commander-in-chief of Akiteiwa's armed forces.

Legally the armed forces jointly belong to the Federal and State governments, though in practice the state control is a formality, save for minor administrative and training functions.

The Army comprises 614,342 personnel and forms approximately 14 division-sized units. The army is primarily tasked with defending the territorial integrity of Akiteiwa, with particular emphasis placed on combatting Selengeria as well as any other Kesh-based security threats.

The Navy employs 125,304 personnel and maintains a fleet of 81 vessels, including 3 aircraft carriers. Being a blue-water navy, the Navy is tasked with projecting Akitei power and interests abroad, with particular emphasis on joint actions with the League of Free Nations as well as combatting Tiperyn and other powers in the Tethys Ocean. In addition to the fleet based portion, the Navy operates 162 aircraft as part of the Navy Air Arm as well as a single Marine Division, which acts as the military's primary amphibious and expeditionary force.

The Air Force consists of 94,526 personnel and maintains a fleet of 690 aircraft. The air force's primary mission is to grain and maintain air superiority in any combat zone and to support the other arms in the completion of their mission, including logistical and transport support as well as close air support with air to ground munitions.

As of 2021, there are 834,172 personnel in the entire armed forces. Akiteiwa spends $123.5 Billion on the military, approximately 4% of its GDP

All male Akitei citizens are subject to 2 years of compulsory military service at the age of 18. After their service these men enter the reserves until the age of 45 and are required to partake in either refresher training or be called up to fulfil certain non-combat roles with some compensation.


Akiteiwa's economy is highly developed, industrialised and market oriented. It is characterised by its large, vertically integrated business conglomerates and its mix of lassiez-faire and state-directed policy. As of 2021, the country has embarked on a period of nationalisation of key social industries such as healthcare and electricity production. Experts categorise the Akitei economy as state-capitalist or directed-capitalist.


Akiteiwa has a moderate amount of natural resources, including its rich forests, fertile farmland and access to ores such as bauxite. Akiteiwa's long rivers historically have facilitated transport and irrigation for much of its history.

Much of Akiteiwa's mining and minerals have been concentrated in the south of the country, in the region of the Sokuoka Hills where bauxite, copper, zinc and silver ores are all extracted in economic quantities. Akitei geologists have theorised that much of the reason much of Akiteiwa's viable minerals are so regionally concentrated is because of a series of interconnected processes which characterise the geology of the region.

Sulfide Ores

Much of the ores mined are in the form of volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits where the rich sulfide minerals such as chalcopyrite and sphalerite have been deposited on an ancient seafloor. Following periods of mountain building have pushed these deep minerals closer to the surface where they can be economically extracted. It is this mountain building which responsible for the increased elevation of the region and the nature of the highly felsic granites in the area.


Akiteiwa's bauxite reserves have been theorised to be the result of millions of years of weathering of these old felsic mountains, creating the laterite soils which characterise much of the southern peninsula. The weathering is also responsible for many of the clays and minerals used in Akiteiwa's historical porcelain industry.


With the relative age of Akiteiwa's southern mountains, much of the ancient life in the peninsula had been restricted to wet, coastal tropical lowlands. Over time this deposited organic matter had been geologically compressed and formed into coal. This coal is theorised to be no older than 70 million years and this relative youth contributes to the low average quality of the coal, being classified as lignite. Erosion of coastal rock has exposed much of the coal that is mined and explains why coal mining is much less inland than the other mining in the region.

Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry

Akiteiwa is a significant producer and exporter of raw agricultural goods and processed food products. in 2020, crop and animal production contributed nearly $60 billion to the Akitei economy. The predominant crop grown is white rice, which forms a major part of Akitei diets. Other crops include major cash crops such as citrus, coffee, cocoa, cotton and opium. Many of these are exported directly, but they also serve as important inputs for the vertical food processing and pharmaceutical conglomerates within Akiteiwa. In addition to crops, the farming of animals including cattle and poultry contribute to Akiteiwa's agricultural sector.

In addition to its robust crops and animal based agricultural sector, Fishing and Aquaculture contribute over 11% of the total agricultural output of Akiteiwa with nearly $8 billion being added to the economy in 2020. Major fishing species include Yellowfin Tuna, Blue Marlin and Mako Sharks. Production of shellfish and crustaceans is also significant and is represented in coastal Akitei cuisine. Aquaculture is a growing contributor to production of fish and other species, with innovations such as co-cropping systems of aquaculture species with rice contributing to significant increases in production of giant freshwater prawns, various carp species and in some places, softshell turtles.

Forestry is the smallest, though still significant contributor to the Akitei economy. Home to desirable tropical hardwoods, much of the forestry sector is focused on the production of robust species such as teak and rosewood for construction in tropical climates and their desirable characteristics when used in the production of wooden furniture. The forestry sector contributed approximately $3.5 billion to the Akitei economy in 2020

Akiteiwa is a leading producer of genetically modified organisms owing to comparatively loose legislation and large firms which are able to concentrate significant effort into research and development.

As of 2021, 43.3% of Akiteiwa's land is used for agricultural purposes. Approximately 76% of this land is used for the cultivation of annual crops, while the remaining 11% and 12% of land is used for pasture and the cultivation of permanent crops like coffee and cacao respectively.

Mining and Industry

In 2020, the Mining, Industry and Construction sectors contributed 19.70% to Akiteiwa's GDP, generating over $600 billion and employing approximately 24.6% of the workforce. The prominent manufactured products in Akiteiwa are processed food and drink as well as chemical products, processed aluminium and pharmaceuticals. Mining makes up a comparatively small portion of the sector, with only bauxite mining being the only internationally significant mineral mined within Akiteiwa. However in recent years several business enterprises have begun research into prospecting and mining minerals in the Western Tethys.

As with the other sectors of the economy, Akiteiwa's industrial sector is organised predominantly into large, vertically integrated conglomerates which control much of the supply chains of certain goods, which has simultaneously received praise by experts for being efficient as well as criticism that it stifles progress and is inherently anti-competitive.


In 2020, the Services sector contributed over $2.4 trillion to the Akitei economy, making it the largest contributing sector with approximately 78% of the GDP. The largest services subsectors are the Retail and Real Estate sectors, which together contribute more than 25% of the whole services sector. Other notable subsectors include marketing, food service activities and insurance activities. Government spending in this sector has historically comparatively low, owing to the government's policies towards private solutions to healthcare but as of 2021, government intervention in healthcare, energy and transport has increased state contribution significantly.










Akitei cuisine varies region to region, with cuisine in the North being characterised by an increased presence of beef, pork and chicken and the South favouring fish, duck and shellfish. Rice is common to all regions and as a national staple crop, finds itself as the basis for much of the cuisine. Akiteiwa's national dish is Tadon, literally 'Rice Field Bowl' and is made by serving duck eggs, fried fish and a soy sauce over rice. The dish is notable because all of its ingredients can be grown in a single field. Variants on the dish include the substitution of turtle or snake meat for the fish or the use of chicken eggs. A fried variant called 'Yaki-ta' or "Fried Rice Field" exists and is a common street food.

Akitei cuisine is notable for its consistent use of snake products in several dishes, including the meat, eggs and even the venom in fringe cases. A special fermented wine also includes a whole snake fermented in the bottle. The most famous snake dish in Akiteiwa is the snake roll Tsumehebi which is a dish made by stuffing a snake with sauces, vegetables, spices, or in extreme cases, whole birds before cooking.

Drinks in Akiteiwa are equally as varied as the foods, with tea, coffee and alcohol all being common beverages all over the country, with the Northern regions favouring hard, distilled liquors such as shōchū, a distilled rice wine. The South is more notable for its preference for non-distilled drinks as well as their taste for coffee. The coffee growing regions of Takamori are particularly favoured for the quality of their beans.

Akiteiwa's famous cooking style is referred to as Fushi-Ryori, literally "Satirical Cooking" and aims to accentuate the art of the cuisine by capturing some sort of inherent tragedy or irony of the circumstances of the dish. Famous examples include Bekko-shiru, a tortoise soup served in its own shell or Tsurai-Tsuki (literally 'painful moon') a dish of fish served beneath jellyfish marinated in a particularly spicy sauce, the implication being that the jellyfish had killed the fish with how spicy it is.

In many Akitei cities, a large Fusion cuisine scene exists, with influences from all over the world finding its way into streetfood vendors as well as restaurants and fast food. Particular influence is drawn from Tilenno, Kodeshia and Western Artemia.


Tattoos hold significant cultural meaning in Akiteiwa. Approximately 70% of all adult Akiteis have some form of tattoo on their body, the majority of these being on the backs or arms of men. Tattoos serve a variety of purposes but most significant is the cultural notion of Marudashi (丸出し) meaning "complete exposure" in which the tattoo serves as the symbolic representation of a person's spirit. The usual form this takes is a large tattoo on the back of the individual, usually assuming the form of some sort of animal the bearer has some affinity for. This tattoo is then generally supported by a collection of accessory tattoos denoting significant life events such as marriages, careers and emotionally significant events. Non-symbolic and primarily aesthetic tattoos are also common, especially as sleeves.